Oct. , 30, 2019
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 35
Volume : 52
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

kv{XoIÄ aZy]n¨mÂ
AUz. NmÀfn t]mÄ
   
KÀ`mhØbv¡p ap³t]m ]n³t]m Hcp coXnbnepÅ aZy]m\hpw kv{XoIÄ \S¯cpXv. Hcp {_m³UnepapÅ Hcp aZyhpw \¶Ã F¶ kXyw kv{XoIÄ Adnªncn¡Ww. ]pcpj³ Im«n¡q«p¶ FÃm hn{InbIfpw aZy]n¡p¶ kv{Xobpw sNbvXpIq«pw. CXp hyànþIpSpw_þZm¼XyPohnXw \cIXpeyam¡pw.

IayqWnän FK³Ìv {U¦¬ ss{UhnwKv (ImUv) \S¯nb kÀtÆ {]Imcw cmPy¯v kv{XoIfn aZy]m\w IqSp¶Xmbn IsWvS¯n. UÂlnbnse 18þ70 {]mb¡mcmb 5,000 kv{XoIfmWv kÀtÆbn ]s¦Sp¯Xv. kv{XoIÄ IqSpX aZy]n¡p¶Xmbpw kÀtÆbn IsWvS¯n. 18þ45 {]mb¡mcmb kv{XoIfn AanXaZy]m\w hym]IamsW¶pw kÀtÆbnepWvSv. \nwlm³kv {][m\knänIfn \S¯nb ]T\¯n _nbÀ ]ºpIfn F¯p¶hcn A©nsemcp`mKw 13þ19 hbÊn\nSbv¡pÅ s]¬Ip«nIfmsW¶p IsWvS¯nbn«pWvSv.
DbÀ¶ km¼¯nIkzmX{´yw, hyXykvX PohnXcoXn, B{Kl§Ä, amdnb kmaqlnINpäp]mSpIÄ, sshImcnI Häs¸SÂ, hnckX, tPmenbnse k½À±w, `mcn¨ D¯chmZnXz§Ä XpS§nbhbmWv aZy]m\¯nte¡p kv{XoIsf \bn¡p¶Xv. kv{XoIfnse aZy]m\coXnsb¡pdn¨p \nwlm³kv \S¯nb IsWvS¯Â {it²bamWv. kv{XoIfn ]IpXnt¸cpw Ht¶m ctWvSm F®¯n IpSn \nÀ¯p¶nÃ. anXamb IpSnbfhnsâ Cc«ntbmfw aZyw AhÀ Hä¯hW sImWvSv AI¯m¡pw. Xebv¡p ]nSn¡p¶Xp hsc AhÀ IpSn¡pw. tkmjy {Un¦n§n\v _nbdpw ssh\psams¡ Ign¡p¶ kv{XoIÄ Xs¶ Häbv¡p IpSn¡pt¼mÄ tlm«v {Un¦pIÄ XncsªSp¡p¶p. ]pcpj·msc At]£n¨v kv{XoIÄ s]s«¶p aZymkàcmIpw.
2010þ17  cmPys¯ aZy]m\w 38% hÀ²n¨Xmbn temImtcmKykwLS\bpsS (WHO) ]T\w NqWvSn¡m«p¶Xmbn kÀtÆbnepWvSv. 2005þ Btfmlcn aZy D]tbmKw 2.4 enäÀ Bbncp¶Xv 2016  5.7 enädmbn. 5 hÀj¯n\pÅn kv{XoIfpsS aZy]m\¯n 25% hÀ²\ hcpsa¶mWv tI{µkÀ¡mcn\p Iognse skâÀ t^mÀ B¡tlmÄ ÌUoknsâ ]T\w. FÃm t{iWnbnepapÅ kv{XoIfpw aZy]m\ioecmImw. Hcpe£t¯mfw Atacn¡³ \gvkpamcn 30 hÀjt¯mfw \S¯nb ]T\¯n sXfnªXv sNdnb tXmXnepÅ aZy]m\wt]mepw kvX\mÀ_pZkm[yX DWvSm¡p¶psh¶mWv. Kymkvss{Sänkv, ]m³{Inbmssäänkv, HmÀ½\ãw, {i²¡pdhv XpS§nb {]iv\§fpw kv{XoIÄ¡pWvSmImw. ISp¯ hnjmZ¯nte¡pw DXvIWvTbnte¡pw aZyw Ahsc \bn¡mw. aZy]n¡p¶ kv{XoIfn BßlXym{]hWXbpw IqSpXemWv.
KÀ`nWnbmb kv{XoIÄ aZy]n¨m AhcpsS Ipªn\v am\knIhpw imcocnIhpamb \nch[n {]iv\§Ä DWvSmImw. CXns\ s]mXpsh Fatal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder F¶p ]dbpw. aZys¯ Zln¸n¨v ]qÀ®ambn Dt]£n¡m³ KÀ`Øiniphn\p IgnbnÃ. F¶p am{Xaà amniotic fluid hgn aZyw hoWvSpw hoWvSpw Ipªnsâ cà¯n kw{IaWw sN¿pw. Xet¨mdnsâ LS\sbbpw {]hÀ¯\s¯bpw _m[n¨v iniphn\v HmÀ½¡pdhv, ]T\sshIey§Ä, Xet¨mdn\v Ak´penXmhØ, e£yt_m[t¯msS {]hÀ¯n¡m\pÅ IgnhnÃmbva, Ae£yamb Nn´IÄ, Xocpam\§Ä FSp¡m\pw \S¯m\papÅ tijn¡pdhv XpS§n Xet¨mdnsâ kq£vvaamb {]hÀ¯\§sfsbÃmw aZyw AhXmf¯nem¡pw. hyànXzsshIey§fpsS CcIfmbn Ip«nIÄ amdpw.
KÀ`mhØbn BZys¯ 3 amkw KÀ`nWn aZy]n¨m ]nd¡m³ t]mIp¶ Ipªnsâ apJ¯n\pw {][m\ Ahbh§Ä¡pw sshIeyw DWvSmIpw. \mep amkw IgnªmsW¦n KÀ`Ñn{Z¯n\pÅ km[yXtbdpw. 7 amkw Ignªn«msW¦n hfÀ¨¡pdhv, _p²namµyw, amkw XnIbmsX {]khn¡m\pÅ km[yX F¶nh DWvSmImw. IqSmsX lrZb¯nsâ hmÂhn\p XIcmdv, FÃn\p hfÀ¨¡pdhv, hr¡IfpsS hfÀ¨¡pdhv, A`mhw F¶nhbpw DWvSmImw. 28% t]cn AÔXbpw ImgvNsshIey§fpw _[ncXbpw hcm\nSbpWvSv. 34% Ip«nIfn hfÀ¨ apcSn¡Â `mhnbn {]Xy£s¸Smw. CtXmsSm¸w Ip«nIfn ]e Xc¯nepÅ am\knIk½À±§Ä, sh{]mfw, hnjmZw, Dd¡anÃmbva, A{Iahmk\, A´ÀapJXzw ChsbÃmw ImWm\nSbpWvSv. aZy]n¡p¶ kv{XoIfpsS a¡fpw aZy]cmbn amdmw. `oIcamWv Ipªnsâ ØnXnsbt¶mÀ¡pI.
Npcp¡¯nÂ, KÀ`mhØbv¡p ap³t]m ]n³t]m Hcp coXnbnepÅ aZy]m\hpw kv{XoIÄ \S¯cpXv. Hcp {_m³UnepapÅ Hcp aZyhpw \¶Ã F¶ kXyw kv{XoIÄ Adnªncn¡Ww. ]pcpj³ Im«n¡q«p¶ FÃm hn{InbIfpw aZy]n¡p¶ kv{Xobpw sNbvXpIq«pw. CXp hyànþIpSpw_þZm¼XyPohnXw \cIXpeyam¡pw. aZy]n¡p¶ kv{XoIsf AtX coXnbnepÅ ]pcpj·msc¡mÄ XcwXmWhcmbn«mWv kaqlw ImWpI. `mcXobkv{XoIÄ X³ `mhip²n aZy¯neqsS, aäp elcn]ZmÀ°§fneqsS \in¸n¡mXncn¡pI.

 
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor : Fr. George Pazheparampil
Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

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