August, 13, 2020
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 15
Volume : 53
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

tZiob hnZym`ymk\bw 2020
{]Xo£Ifpw shÃphnfnIfpw
tUm. än.kn. X¦¨³
s]mXphnZym`ymkw kwc£n¡s¸SWw. sshhn[yamÀ¶ hnZym`ymkØm]\§fpw AhbpsS \S¯n¸nepÅ `cWIqS¯nsâ AanX CSs]SepIfpw kzImcy]¦mfn¯t¯msS IqSpX kzImcyhXvIcW{]hWXIfpw hcp¯p¶ {]XymLmX§Ä Kuchambn NÀ¨ sN¿pIbpw {]iv\]cnlmcw ImWpIbpw thWw.

Hcp hyàn k´pjvS\pw IÀ½Ipie\pw [À½imkv{Xþ\oXnt_m[{]tNmZnX\pw ImcytijnbpÅh\pambn¯ocp¶Xv, Ah\p hnZym`ymk¯neqsS e`n¨ kwkvImc¯nsâbpw Xncn¨dnhnsâbpw aqey§fpsSbpw ss\]pWnIfpsSbpw ASnØm\¯nemWv. BbXn\mÂ, hnZym`ymkhpw AXn\m[mcamb \b§fpw X¯z§fpsaÃmw a\pjysâbpw kaql¯nsâbpw A\p_ÔLSI§fpsSbpw ka{KXbn Du¶nbXmbncn¡Ww. ImeL«¯n\p tbmPn¨Xpw Ime¯n\p ap³t] \S¡m³ t{]cn¸n¡p¶Xpw kpØnc`mhn Dd¸phcp¯p¶Xpamb X¯z§fpsS ImXemb IcpXÂtiJcambncn¡Ww ]pXnb \b§fnÂ\n¶pw Dcp¯ncnbp¶ ]mTy]²XnIfpw {]hÀ¯\§fpw ImgvN¸mSpIfpw.
1985  C´ymKh¬saâv "hnZym`ymk¯nsâ shÃphnfnIÄ' F¶ Hcp kp{][m\tcJ {]kn²oIcn¨p. `mhn\b§sf¡pdn¨p hnhn[ kt½f\§fnepw skan\mdpIfnepw DbÀ¶ph¶ A`n{]mb§Ä t{ImUoIcn¨v, tI{µþkwØm\kÀ¡mcpIfpsS Iogn Ht«sd NÀ¨IÄ \S¯n 1986  tZiob hnZym`ymk\b¯nsâ IcSv cq]s¸Sp¯n. 1986 tabv BZyhmcw AXp ]mÀesaân AhXcn¸n¡pIbpWvSmbn. 1986 tabv 8 \v temIk`bpw tabv 13 \v cmPyk`bpw A¶s¯ tZiobhnZym`ymk\bw AwKoIcn¨p. CXnsâ ]p\chtemI\w 1990 epw 1992 epw \S¯n ]pXnb {]hÀ¯\]²Xn X¿mdm¡pIbpw ]cnjvIcn¨ hnZym`ymk\bw ]pd¯nd¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ]¯phÀj¯nsemcn¡Â hnZym`ymk\bw ]cnjvIcn¨p ]pd¯nd¡pIbpw \S¸nem¡pIbpw sNt¿WvSXmWv.
Ct¸mÄ \nehnepÅ tI{µam\hhn`htijn a{´mebw "hnZym`ymka{´mebw' F¶m¡n amäpw. a{´meb¯n\p IognepÅ tI{µhnZym`ymk D]tZiIkanXn IqSpX iàns¸Sp¯pw. hnZym`ymkZÀi\w X¿mdm¡p¶Xn\pw BfpIfn F¯n¡p¶Xn\pw hnebncp¯p¶Xn\pw ]cnjvIcn¡p¶Xn\pw IqSpX Du¶Â \ÂIpw. Pn Un ]n bpsS 6% XpI tI{µþkwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIfpsS klIcWt¯msS hnZym`ymk¯n\mbn amänhbv¡pw. 1968 sebpw 1986 sebpw hnZym`ymk\b¯n hnZym`ymk¯n\mbn Pn Un ]n bpsS 6% amänhbv¡Wsa¶ \nÀt±iapWvSmbncp¶p.
Hm¬sse³, UnPnä hnZym`ymk¯n\pÅ Ht«sd \nÀt±i§Ä Cu hnZym`ymk\b¯n DÄs¡mÅn¨n«pWvSv. FÃmhÀ¡pw KpW\nehmcapÅ hnZym`ymkw \ÂIm³ sF.kn.än. A[njvTnXamb hnZym`ymk¯n\v Du¶Â \ÂIp¶Xn\mbn, A[ym]IÀ¡pÅ ]cnioe\hpw Cu hnZym`ymk\bw ]dªp hbv¡p¶pWvSv. Hm¬sse³ hnZym`ymk¯nsâ {]mtbmKnIXsb¡pdn¨pÅ ]T\¯n\mbn NFTF, CIET, NIOS, IGNOU, IITs, NITs F¶o GP³knIsf NpaXes¸Sp¯n hn]peamb KthjW§Ä \S¯pw. \nehnepÅ CþteWnwKv kuIcy§fmb kzbw, Zn£(SWAYAM, DIKSHA) F¶nh IqSpX efnXhpw {IaoIrXhpam¡n A[ym]IÀ¡pÅ ]cnioe\t¯mSpIqSn AhXcn¸n¡pw. CXpIqSmsX kzbw{]` (SWAYAM PRABHA) AS¡apÅ kuIcy§fneqsS shÀNz em_pIÄIqSn Ip«nIÄ¡pw A[ym]IÀ¡pambn kÖoIcn¡pw. 21þmw \qämWvSnse ss\]pWnIÄIqSn hnebncp¯mhp¶ coXnbn PARAKH, NTA, kvIqÄ t_mÀUpIÄ, aäv AwKoIrX GP³knIÄ F¶nhbneqsS Hm¬sse³ ]co£IÄ \S¯p¶Xn\pÅ {IaoIcW§Ä DWvSmhpw. kmt¦XnIhnZybne[njvTnXamb hnZym`ymk¯n\mbn hn]peamb ]²XnIÄ BhnjvIcn¡pt¼mÄ \½psS {KmaoWþ]n¶m¡taJeIÄ A\p`hn¡p¶ UnPnä UnsshUv adnIS¡m³ \ap¡mhptam F¶ Bi¦bpw \ne\n¡p¶pWvSv. \mjW FUyqt¡jW sSIvt\mfPn t^mdw(NETF) F¶ ]pXnb kzbw`cWØm]\w tI{µþkwØm\ kÀ¡mcpIÄ¡v kmt¦XnIhnZym`ymkImcy§fn D]tZiw \ÂIpt¼mÄ cmjv{Sob\nba\§fpw ]n³hmXn \nba\§fpw DWvSmImsX KpW\nehmchpw [mÀ½nIXbpapÅ hyànIfpsS Hcp Iq«mbvabmbm am{Xta Dt±in¨ KpWw hnZym`ymktaJebnepWvSmhq. hnZym`ymk\b¯n {]Jym]n¨ncn¡p¶ lbÀ FUyqt¡j³ Iu¬kn Hm^v C´y (HECI), \mjW lbÀ FUyqt¡j³ sdKpteädn Iu¬kn (NHERC), A{IUntäj\mbpÅ \mjW A{IUntäj³ Iu¬kn (NAC), hnZym`ymkØm]\§Ä¡pÅ [\klmb¯n\pÅ lbÀ FUyqt¡j³ {Kmâvkv Iu¬knÂ(HEGC), KpW\nehmcw Dd¸phcp¯p¶Xn\pÅ P\d FUyqt¡j³ Iu¬knÂ(GEC) F¶nhbnseÃmw taÂkqNn¸n¨ KpW\nehmchpw [mÀ½nIXbpapÅhÀ \nban¡s¸Sm³ {i²nt¡WvSXpWvSv. Chbvs¡Ãmw apIfnembn {][m\a{´n A[y£\mb \mjW FUyqt¡j³ I½oj³ (NEC) hn`mh\w sNbvXncn¡p¶p. Asæn hnZym`ymktaJebn AcmPIXz¯n\v AXp hgnsXfn¡pw. hnZym`ymk¯n\mbn Ct¸mÄ e`n¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ [\klmbhpw CXctkh\§fpw cmjv{SobhXvIcn¡s¸SmsX kq£n¡pIbpw thWw.
hnZym`ymk¯nsâ LS\bn ASnapSn ]cnjvImcamWv ]pXnb hnZym`ymk\bw apt¶m«phbv¡p¶Xv. \nehn \½psS cmPy¯v 5+3+2+2 F¶ LS\bmWv s]mXphmbn kzoIcn¨ncn¡p¶Xv (tIcfw t]msebpÅ Nne kwØm\§fn AXv 4+3+3+2 F¶XmWv) CXnÂ\n¶p amdn 5+3+3+4 F¶ ]pXnb LS\bmWv tZiobhnZym`ymk\b¯n ]dªncn¡p¶Xv. AXp hnhn[ L«§fmbn hniZoIcn¡s«.
(I) ^utWvSjWÂ tÌPv
{]o ss{]adn, A¦WhmSn DÄs¸sS H¶v, cWvSv ¢mkpIÄIqSn DÄs¸Sp¯n (3+2) aq¶phbÊn Bcw`n¨v F«p hbÊphscbpÅ (3þ6, 6þ8) ^utWvSjW tÌPn IfnIfneqsSbpÅ ]T\w, klIcWw, \à s]cpamäw, aqey§Ä, hyànipNnXzw F¶nhbv¡v Du¶Â \ÂIp¶p. GÀen ssNÂUvlpUv sIbÀ Bâv FUyqt¡j³(ECCE) \½psS cmPy¯v tImSn¡W¡n\p Ip«nIÄ¡v C¶pw A{]m]yamWv. Ip«nIsf kw_Ôn¨v Bdp hbÊn\pap³]v AhÀ¡p e`n¡p¶ ]cnioe\w, amXrIIÄ F¶nh hfsc {][m\s¸«XmWv. C´y³ `cWLS\bpsS 45þmw hIp¸v (2002 se 86þmw `cWLS\m t`ZKXn) ta¸dª ECCE Du¶n¸dbp¶pWvSv. 8 hbÊphscbpÅ Ip«nIfpsS hnZym`ymk¯n\mbpÅ A[ym]\þ]mTy]²Xn N«¡qSv NCERT cq]s¸Sp¯pw. Cu Ip«nIfpsS hnZym`ymk¯n\mbn A¦WhmSnIÄ DÄs¸sS \nehnepÅ tI{µ§fpsS ASnØm\kuIcy§Ä hÀ²n¸n¡pw! 3þ6 hbÊphscbpÅ Ip«nIfpsS hnZym`ymkw 2025  ]qÀ¯oIcn¡psa¶p ]dbp¶p.
(II) {]n¸tdädn tÌPv
aq¶p apX A©phsc¢mkpIfpÄs¸Sp¶ (8þ11 hsc) L«¯n Ip«nIÄ IfnIfnÂ\n¶p amdn ]T\¯nte¡p IqSpX {i² sImSp¡p¶p. ]pkvXI]cnNbw, hnhn[ hnjb§Ä ]cnNbs¸Sp¯Â, hmb\, Fgp¯v, kwkmcw, `mj, Ie, imkv{Xw, IW¡v, ImbnIw F¶nhbnseÃmw ]cnioe\w Bcw`n¡p¶p. FgpXm\pw hmbn¡m\pw IW¡pIq«m\papÅ Ignhv, Bib§Ä {Kln¡m\pÅ Ignhv DÄs¸sS ^utWvSjW enädkn Bâv \yqadkn 2025 HmSpIqSn FÃm hnZymeb§fnepw Dd¸phcp¯m³ Dt±in¡p¶p. CXn\mbn hnZym`ymka{´meb¯n\p Iognembn \mjW anj³ Hm¬ ^utWvSjW enädkn Bâv \yqatdmfPn Øm]n¡pw. kab_ÔnXambn A[ym]I XkvXnIIfn \nba\w \S¯Wsa¶pw hnZym`ymk\bw hyàam¡p¶p. t]mjImlmcw, BtcmKyw, am\knImtcmKyw F¶nhbv¡p \ÂtIWvS Du¶Â ImenI{]kàamWv.
(III) anUn tÌPv
Bdmw¢mkv apX F«mw¢mkv hsc (11þ14 hbkv)bpÅ L«¯n Hmtcm hnjb¯n\pw IqSpX {]m[m\yw \ÂIn AXXp hnjb§fn \nban¡s¸Sp¶ A[ym]IÀ ]Tn¸n¡p¶p. hnjb¯n IqSpX AhKmlw, `mjm]T\w (amXr`mjbpw, Cw¥ojv, lnµn/ aäv C´y³ `mjIÄ) sXmgne[njvTnXhnZym`ymkw F¶nhbv¡p IqSpX Du¶Â \ÂIp¶p. kb³kv, IW¡v, kmaqlyimkv{Xw, Ie, am\hnIhnjb§Ä F¶nh A\p`h§fneqsSbpÅ ]T\¯n IqSpX {i² \ÂIn hnjbhnZKv[cmb A[ym]IÀ ssIImcyw sN¿p¶p.
(IV) sk¡WvSdn tÌPv
9 apX 12 hscbpÅ ¢mkpIÄ (14þ18 hbÊv) hnhn[ hnjb§Ä IqSpX Bg¯n ]T\hnt[bam¡p¶p. PohnXe£y§Ä ]qÀ¯oIcn¡p¶Xn\pXIp¶Xpw hnZymÀ°nIÄ¡p hnjb§Ä XncsªSp¡p¶Xn\pw IqSpX AbhpÅXpamb ]mTy]²XnbmWv ChnsS hn`mh\w sN¿p¶Xv. ]¯mw¢mkn\ptijw sXmgne[njvTnXtImgvknt\m IqSpX sshZKv[yw thWvS tImgvknt\m tNcm³ AhkcapWvSv. AÃm¯hÀ 12 ¢mkphsc XpScp¶ coXnbmWv BhnjvIcn¡p¶Xv. A§s\ 18 hbÊphscbpÅ hnZym`ymkw \nÀ_ÔnXhpw kuP\yhpam¡m³ e£ywhbv¡p¶p. Ct¸mÄ 14 hbÊphscbpÅ Ip«nIÄ¡mWv (8þmw ¢mkv hsc) \nÀ_ÔnXhpw kuP\yhpamb hnZym`ymk¯n\v AÀlXbpÅXv. (hnZym`ymk AhImi\nbaw 2009 A\pkcn¨v) Ct¸mÄ \nehnepÅ ¹kv Sq/ lbÀsk¡WvSdn kwhn[m\w CÃmXmIpw. 9þmw ¢mkpapX ]Tn¸n¡p¶ A[ym]IÀ¡v amÌÀ _ncpZhpw A[ym]I]cnioe\Un{Knbpw \nÀ_ÔamIpw. tIcf¯n Gsd NÀ¨ sN¿s¸« JmZÀ I½nän dnt¸mÀ«nepw ¹kv Sp \nÀ¯em¡n 9 apX 12 hscbpÅ ¢mkpIÄ Hä tÌPmbn ]cnKWn¡p¶ Imcyw FSp¯p]dªncp¶p. CXp henb {]Xntj[§Ä¡pw hnaÀi\§Ä¡pw hnt[bambXmWv.D¶XhnZym`ymkcwK¯v henb amä§fmWv ]pXnb hnZym`ymk\bw apt¶m«p hbv¡p¶Xv. kÀÆIemimeIfpsSbpw tImfPpIÄ DÄs¸sSbpÅ D¶XhnZym`ymkØm]\§fpsSbpw KpW\nehmcs¯ kw_Ôn¡p¶ [mcmfw ]cmaÀi§Ä hnhn[ I½nänIfpw GP³knIfpw NÀ¨ sNbvXn«pÅXmWv. Hcp P\m[n]XycmPyamb C´ybn `cWLS\ hn`mh\w sN¿p¶ aqey§Ä Ghcnepw hfcp¶ Xc¯n 21þmw \qämWvSnse ss\]pWnIfpw BÀÖn¡p¶ Hcp D¶XhnZym`ymkk{¼ZmbamWv \ap¡p thWvSXv. imkv{Xw, kmaqlnIimkv{Xw, `mj, am\hnIhnjb§Ä, Ie, s{]m^jW hnZym`ymkw, kmt¦XnIhnZym`ymkw, sXmgne[njvTnX hnZym`ymkw F¶o taJeIsfÃmw IqSnt¨À¶ D¶XhnZym`ymkcwKw Ime¯n\\pkcn¨p amtdWvSXpw BhiyamWv. IqSpX [mÀ½nIþkmaqlnIþ_u²nIþimkv{Xobaqey§fpÅ Hcp Xeapd D¶XhnZym`ymk¯neqsS krjvSn¡s¸SWw. AXneqsS sXmgnenÃmbva AS¡apÅ \½psS kmaqlnI{]iv\§sf ^e{]Zambn t\cnSm\pw IgnbWw.
]pXnb hnZym`ymk\b¯n aq¶pXc¯nepÅ D¶XhnZym`ymkØm]\§sf¡pdn¨mWv ]cmaÀin¨ncn¡p¶Xv.
(I) dnkÀ¨v Câ³kohv bqWnthgvknänIÄ
A[ym]\¯n\p ]pdta KthjW¯n\p IqSpX Du¶Â \ÂIp¶ KpW\nehmcapÅ kÀÆIemimeIfmWv Cu hn`mK¯nepÅXv. 5000 \pw 25000 \pw Asæn AXn\p apIfnepw hnZymÀ°nIÄ tNcp¶ kÀhIemimeIfpsS KW¯nte¡v 150þ300 D¶X hnZym`ymkØm]\§Ä Cu hcp¶ cWvSp ]XnämWvSpIÄ¡pÅn krjvSn¡pI F¶ DZyaw hnZym`ymk\bw apt¶m«phbv¡p¶p. ]nF¨v.Un, amtÌgvkv, s{]m^jW tImgvkpIÄ F¶nh IqSmsX bp.Pn. tImgvkpIfpw \ÂIm³ C¯cw bqWnthgvknänIÄ¡v A\phmZapWvSmbncn¡pw.
(II) So¨nMv bqWnthgvknänIÄ
hnhn[ hnjb§fnepÅ A[ym]\¯n\v IqSpX Du¶Â \ÂIp¶ C¯cw kÀÆIemimeIÄ bp.Pn. tImgvkpIÄ, amtÌgvkv, tUmIvSdÂ, s{]m^jWÂ, shmt¡jWÂ, kÀ«n^n¡äv, Unt¹ma tImgvkpIÄ F¶nhbpw \ÂIm³ A\phmZapÅ kÀÆIemimeIÄ Bbncn¡pw. 2035 HmsS bqWnthgvknänIfn A^nentbäv sNbvXv {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ tImfPpIÄ DWvSmbncn¡nÃ. bqWnthgvknänIÄ Xs¶ AhcpsS Im¼kpIfn tImgvkpIÄ \S¯Ww.
(III) Hmt«mWakv Un{Kn {Km³UnMv tImfPpIÄ
Un{Kn, Unt¹ma, kÀ«n^n¡äv tImgvkpIÄ \S¯p¶hbmWv C¯cw Øm]\§Ä. s{]m^jW tImgvkpIfpw sXmgne[njvTnX]cnioe\t¡mgvkpIfpw C¯cw Øm]\§Ä¡p \S¯mw. 2025 HmsS GsX¦nepw kÀÆIemimebn A^nentbäv sNbvXncn¡p¶ tImfPpIfpsS F®w 300  Ihnbm³ ]mSnÃ. AXmbXv, L«wL«ambn A^nentbäUv tImfPv kwhn[m\w \nÀ¯emhpIbpw 2035 HmsS Cu Øm]\§sfÃmw kzbw`cW Un{Kn {Km³UnMv tImfPpIfmhpIbpw sN¿pw. 2040 HmsS apgph³ Øm]\§fpw _lphnjb§Ä ssIImcyw sN¿p¶ Øm]\§fmIpw.
\nehnepÅ Iev]nX kÀÆIemimeIÄ, A^nentbänwKv bqWnthgvknänIÄ F¶nhsbÃmw "bqWnthgvknänIÄ' F¶ t]cnemIpw. So¨nMv bqWnthgvknänIÄ, dntkÀ¨v Câ³kohv bqWnthgvknänIfmIm\pw, Hmt«mWakv Un{Kn {Km³UnMv tImfPpIÄ Ime{ItaW So¨nMv bqWnthgvknänIÄ BIm\pw dnkÀ¨v Câ³kohv bqWnthgvknänIfmIm\pw {ian¡Ww. A©p hÀj¯n\pÅn FÃm PnÃIÄ¡pw ta¸dª GsX¦nepw Hcp D¶XhnZym`ymkØm]\sa¦nepapWvSmbncn¡Ww. D¶XhnZym`ymktaJebnse F³tdmÄsaâv tdtjym 50% DbÀ¯Ww. Hm¸¬ teWnwKv, hnZqchnZym`ymkw F¶nhbpsS {]m[m\yw Cu hnZym`ymk\bw FSp¯p]dbp¶pWvSv.
D¶XhnZym`ymkcwK¯v ens_d BÀSvkv, _lphnjb tImgvkpIÄ, Cât{KäUv t{]m{KmapIÄ F¶nhbv¡p {]m[m\yw \ÂIp¶p. KthjWImcy§Ä¡p amÀ¤\nÀt±iw \ÂIp¶ kzbw`cWkwhn[m\amb \mjW dnkÀ¨v ^utWvSj³ (F³.BÀ.F^v.)cq]oIcn¡m\pw imkv{Xw, kmt¦XnIw, kmaqlyimkv{Xw, Ie, am\hnIhnjb§Ä F¶n§s\ XcwXncn¨v F³FF^nsâ {]hÀ¯\w Imcy£aam¡m\pw KthjWkm¼¯nIklmbw \ÂIm\pw ]²Xn cq]oIcn¡pw.
A[ym]IhnZym`ymkcwK¯v hfscb[nIw amä§fmWv C¶v Dt±in¡p¶Xv. 2030 HmsS \mephÀjs¯ Cât{KäUv _n.FUv. tImfPv A[ym]I\nba\¯n\pÅ tbmKyXbmbn¯ocpw. \nehn {]tXyI hnjb§fn _ncpZapÅhÀ¡v cWvSphÀj _n.FUv. tImgvkn\v AÀlXbpWvSv. \mephÀjs¯ aÄ«nUnkn¹n\dn _ncpZapÅhÀ¡pw _ncpZm\´c_ncpZapÅhÀ¡pw Hcp hÀj _n.FUv. tImgvkv ]Tn¡mw. `n¶tijn¡msc ]Tn¸n¡p¶ A[ym]IÀ, Xmgv¶ tÌPnÂ\n¶v DbÀ¶ tÌPnte¡p amdp¶ A[ym]IÀ F¶nhÀ¡v {lkzIme A[ym]I]cnioe\tImgvkv sN¿mw.
\nehnepÅ cWvSphÀj _n.FUv. tImgvkv 2030 HmsS Ahkm\n¡pw. A[ym]IÀ Hmtcm hÀjhpw 50 aWn¡qsd¦nepw ]cnioe\]cn]mSnIfn ]s¦Sp¡Ww. anI¨ {]hÀ¯\w ImgvN hbv¡p¶ A[ym]IÀ¡v IqSpX i¼fw F¶ Bibw ]pXnb \b¯nepWvSv. Øm\¡bähpw i¼fLS\bpw anIhnsâbpw KpW\nehmc¯nsâbpw ASnØm\¯nem¡pw. XmXvImenI A[ym]IcpsS \nba\w Ipdbv¡pw. kwØm\kÀ¡mcpIÄ A[ym]IcpsS anIhnsâ am\ZWvU§Ä X¿mdm¡pIbpw \S¸nem¡pIbpw sN¿Ww.
tZiob hnZym`ymk\bw cq]oIcn¡p¶Xn apJy]¦phln¨ tUm. sI. IkvXqcncwK³ apt¶m«ph¨ A`nKayX(access), kaX(equity), XpeyX(equality),{]m]vXn(affordability), D¯chmZnXzw(responsibility) F¶nh \ndthäm³, {]tXyIn¨p _lpkwkvImcssienbpÅ \½psS cmPy¯v Gsd shÃphnfnIfpWvSv. km¼¯nIamb Hcp¡w ]pXnb hnZym`ymk]²Xn¡mbn amänhbvt¡WvSXpWvSv. FbvUUv AS¡apÅ hnZym`ymktaJebpsS `mhn NÀ¨ sN¿pIbpw A\p`mh]qÀÆw {]iv\]cnlmcw \S¯pIbpw thWw. cmjv{SobþPmXnþaX Nn´IÄ¡XoXambn sI«pd¸pÅ, KpW\nehmcapÅ hnZym`ymkw \ÂIp¶ GP³knIfpsS A`n{]mb§fpw Bib§fpw Kucht¯msS IW¡nseSp¡Ww. IqSpX kzImcyhXvIcWw Ip«nIfpsSbpw amXm]nXm¡fpsSbpw {]m]vXn¡v A¸pdamhcpXv. s]mXphnZym`ymkw kwc£n¡s¸SWw. sshhn[yamÀ¶ hnZym`ymkØm]\§fpw AhbpsS \S¯n¸nepÅ `cWIqS¯nsâ AanX CSs]SepIfpw kzImcy]¦mfn¯t¯msS IqSpX kzImcyhXvIcW{]hWXIfpw hcp¯p¶ {]XymLmX§Ä Kuchambn NÀ¨ sN¿pIbpw {]iv\]cnlmcw ImWpIbpw thWw.
hfsc hniZamb NÀ¨IÄ¡pw kwhmZ§Ä¡pw hnjbamthWvSXmWv ]pXnb hnZym`ymk\bw. Bi¦Ifpw BIpeXIfpw ]cnlcn¡p¶tXmsSm¸w \à \mtf¡mbn Ghcpw ssI]nSn¨p apt¶dpIbpw thWw. FUyqt¡j³ t^mÀ HmÄ (C F^v F)F¶ e£yw {]mhÀ¯nIam¡pt¼mÄ KpW\nehmcapÅ hnZym`ymkw, \à BtcmKyw, ]cnKW\, aqeym[njvTnX hfÀ¨, tZiobX, am\hnIX, BßobX F¶nhsbÃmw DÄt¨À¶v ip`amb `mhn DWvSmIm³ `cWIqSaS¡w Ghcpw {iant¡WvSXmWv.

 
 
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor :
Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

Ihtmdn
apJ{]kwKw
{]XnIcW§Ä
PohnXNnI
t\mh
hN\\mfw
{]mtZinIw
hmI
hmchntijw
ImgvN¸pdw
adphiw
kIpSpw_w 
Ipªp\mf§Ä
Im«
 
 


Search Web
 
IMPORTANT WEBSITES
 
Diocese of Palai  
Blessed Alphonsa Bharananganam  
Kunjachan Ramapuram  
MarthaMariam1 Church Kuravilangad  
HolyCross Forane Church Cherpumkal  
St.Marys Forane Church Bharananganam  
St . Marys Church Kaduthuruthy  
Deva Matha College Kuravilangad  
Pala Social Welfare Socity w
Golden jubilee Museum Pala w
General Sites
Vatican
C.B.C.I
Catholiconline
IndianCatholic
Saints
 
     

Archdioceses

Chenganacherry
Eranakulam
Kottayam
Bangalore
Bombay
MadrasMylapore
Madurai
Nagpur
Ranchi
         
Dioceses
Baruipur
Bellary
Cochin
Irijalakuda
Jamshedpur
Kottapuram
Kanjirapally
Neyyatinkara
Ootacamund
Palayamkottai
Poona
Salem
         
       
             
               
   
             
 
             
 
             
 
Copyright © Team Deepanalam 2011 . All rights reserved.