June, 03, 2020
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 5
Volume : 53
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

CSbhgnbnse hn¬XmcIw

26 hÀjt¯mfw BtKmfIt¯men¡mk`sb \bn¨ hnip² tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³ ]m¸m P\n¨n«v tabv 18 \v \qdphÀjw ]qÀ¯nbmbn. hnip²sâ PohnX¯nte¡v Hcp Xncnªpt\m«w.

   
 

1920 tabv 18þ\v FanenbþImtcmÄ thmbväoh Z¼XnIfpsS aI\mbn t]mfWvSnse hmtUmhoknemWv tPm¬ t]mÄ amÀ]m¸bpsS P\\w. Cu Z¼XnIfn DWvSmb aq¶p a¡fn aq¶ma¯h\mbncp¶p hnip²³. At±l¯nsâ A½ 1929 epw, aq¯ ktlmZc³ FUvaWvSv 1932epw, ssk\ntImtZymKØ\mb ]nXmhv 1941 þ epw acWaSªp. Xsâ H¼Xmas¯ hbÊnemWv hnip²³ BZyIpÀ_m\ kzoIcn¨Xv. ssØcyte]\w kzoIcn¨Xv ]Xns\«mas¯ hbÊnepw.
kvIqÄhnZym`ymkw ]qÀ¯nbm¡nbXn\ptijw At±lw 1938þ ImÀtImhnse PmtKtÃm\nb³ kÀÆIemimebn tNÀ¶p. 1939þ \mknIÄ kÀÆIemime AS¨t¸mÄ, PÀ½\nbnte¡p \mSpIS¯mXncn¡phm\pw PohnXs¨ehn\pambn At±lw Hcp J\nbnepw ]n¶oSv tkmÄshbv sIan¡Â I¼\nbnepw (1940þ1944) tPmen sNbvXp. ]utcmlnXyPohnX¯n\mbn Xm³ hnfn¡s¸«p F¶ tXm¶epWvSmb hnip²³ BUwsÌ^m³ k]nsbl sa{Xmt¸meo¯bpsS D]tZi{]Imcw ImÀsImhnse ¢m³sUÌn³ B{ia¯n tNÀ¶v Xsâ ]T\w XpSÀ¶p.
bp²¯n\p tijw 1946 \hw_À 1 \p ImÀtImhn h¨v ]ptcmlnX]«w kzoIcn¡p¶Xp hsc ItcmÄ ]pXpXmbn Xpd¶ skan\mcnbnepw PmtKtÃm\nb³ kÀÆIemimebnse ssZhimkv{XhnZymeb¯nepw Xsâ ]T\w XpSÀ¶p. CXn\nsS IÀ±n\mÄ k]nsbl ssZhimkv{X¯n tUmÎÀ _ncpZw t\Sp¶Xn\mbn ItcmÄ tPmk^ns\ 1948þ tdmante¡b¨p. Ipcninsâ hnip² tPmWnsâ {]hÀ¯\§fn \n¶p a\Ênem¡mhp¶ hnizmkw F¶ hnjb¯nemWv hnip²³ Xsâ {]_Ôw FgpXnbXv.
tdman hnZymÀ°nbmbncns¡ hnip²³ Xsâ Ah[n¡me§Ä {^m³knsebpw s_ÂPnb¯nsebpw tlmfWvSnsebpw t]mfWvSv A`bmÀ°nIÄ¡nSbn t{]jnX{]hÀ¯\w \S¯nbmbncp¶p sNehgn¨Xv. 1948þ ^m. ItcmÄ t]mfWvSnte¡p Xncn¨phcnIbpw ImÀtImhn\Sp¯pÅ \osKmhnbnse CShI¸ÅnbpsS klhnImcnbmbn NpaXetb¡pIbpw sNbvXp. ]n¶oSv \Kc¯nse hnip² ^vtemcnbm³ ]Ånbnepw At±lw tkh\a\pjvTn¨p. 1951 hsc At±lw bqWnthgvknänNm¸Â ]ptcmlnX\mbn tkh\a\pjvTn¨p.
]n¶oSv X¯zimkv{X¯nepw ssZhimkv{X¯nepw ]T\§fn apgpIn. 1953þ amIvkv sjsÃÀ hnIkn¸n¨ km·mÀKnIhyhØbpsS ASnØm\¯n {InkvXobkm·mÀKnIX ]mIp¶XnepÅ km[yXIÄ F¶ Xsâ {]_Ôw PmtKtÃm\nb³ kÀÆIemimebn kaÀ¸n¨p. ]n¶oSv At±lw ImÀtImhnse skan\mcnbn [mÀ½nIssZhimkv{X s{]m^kdpw ep»n\nse ssZhimkv{Xm[ym]I\pambn¯oÀ¶p.
1958 Pqsse 4 \v ]nbqkv ]{´WvSma³ amÀ]m¸m ^m. Itcmfns\ ImÀtImhnse klmbsa{Xm\mbn \nban¨p. 1958 sk]väw_À 28\v bpsP\nbqkv _mknbmIv sa{Xmt¸meo¯ hnip²s\ ImÀtImhnse hmsh `{Zmk\¸Ånbn \nban¨p. 1964 P\phcn 13\v t]mÄ Bdma³ amÀ]m¸m At±ls¯ ImÀtImhnse sa{Xm\mbn \nban¨p. 1967 Pq¬ 26\v IÀ±n\mfmbn DbÀ¯n.
CXn\nsS hnip²³ cWvSmw h¯n¡m³ Iu¬knen ]s¦Sp¡pIbpw (1962þ1965) AP]me\`cWLS\bpsS \nÀ½mW¯n Imcyamb ]¦phln¡pIbpw sNbvXp. Xsâ ]m¸mØm\e_v[n¡p ap³]pWvSmb sa{Xm·mcpsS A©p kq\ltZmkpIfnepw hnip²³ ]s¦Sp¯ncp¶p. 1978 HtÎm_À 26\v IÀ±n\mÄ ItcmÄ shmbväoh amÀ]m¸bmbn XncsªSp¯p. HtÎm_À 22\v tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³ F¶ t]cn At±lw BtKmfk`bpsS AP]meIZuXyw Bcw`n¨p.
Cäenbn GXmWvSv 146 Hmfw t{]jnXkµÀi\§Ä At±lw \S¯n. tdmansâ sa{Xm³ F¶ \nebv¡v Ct¸mgs¯ 322 tdma³ CShIIfn 317þepw ]m¸m kµÀi\w \S¯nbncp¶p. hnip²]t{Xmknsâ ]n³Kman F¶ \nebnepw, Xo£vWamb AP]me\\uÕpIywsImWvSpw At±lw \S¯nb cmPym´c A¸kvtXmenIbm{XIÄ GXmWvSv 104þHmfw hcpw. At±l¯nsâ Fgp¯pIfn 14 Nm{InIteJ\§fpw, 15 A¸kvtXmentIm]tZi§fpw, 11 A¸kvtXmenI`cWLS\m\nÀt±i§fpw, 45 A¸kvtXmenII¯pIfpw DÄs¸Sp¶p.
hnip²³ A©p ]pkvXI§fpsS cN\bpw \S¯nbn«pWvSv: t{ImknwKv Zn s{XtjmÄSv Hm^v tlm]v (HtÎm_À 1994); Kn^väv B³Uv anÌdn (\hw_À 1996); tdma³ {Sn]än¡v, saUntäj³kv (amÀ¨v 2003); ssdkv, seäv Akv _n Hm¬ AhÀ th (amÀ¨v 2004), sa½dn B³Uv sFUânän (s^{_phcn 2005) F¶nhbmWv Ah.
BtKmfk`bpsS Xehs\¶ \nebn At±lw GXmWvSv 147þHmfw \maIcW§Ä \S¯n. H¼Xp {]mhiyambn 231þHmfw IÀ±n\mÄamscbpw At±lw XncsªSp¯p. IÀ±n\mÄamcpsS Btdmfw k`mkt½f\§fn At±lw A[y£X hln¨p. 1978 apX sa{Xm·mcpsS GXmWvSv ]Xn\t©mfw kq\ltZmkpIÄ \S¯n. Bdp km[mcW tbmK§fpw (1980, 1983, 1987, 1990, 1994, 2001), Hcp {]tXyI s]mXptbmKhpw (1985) IqSmsX F«p {]tXyItbmK§fpw (1980, 1991, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1998 (2), 199) hnip²³ hnfn¨pIq«n.
1981 tabv 3\v skâv ]otägvkv kvIzbdnÂh¨pWvSmb Hcp h[{ia¯nÂ\n¶p ]cnip² A½bpsS klmb¯memWv hnip²³ c£s¸«Xv. \oWvS Bip]{Xnhmk¯n\nSbv¡p Xs¶ h[n¡phm³ {ian¨ BÄ¡v At±lw am¸v \ÂIn. [ocamb C¯cw \S]SnIfneqsS hnip²³ X\n¡p e`n¨n«pÅ AP]me\hcZm\§sf IqSpX A\p{KlZmbIam¡n. [mcmfw ]pXnb cq]XIÄ Øm]n¡phm\pw k`mCSbteJ\§Ä, e¯o³ It¯men¡À¡pw ]uckvXytZis¯ ]ÅnIÄ¡papÅ Xncpk`m\nba§Ä \nehn hcp¯m\pw At±lw {]bXv\n¨p. DbnÀ¸nsâ hÀjw, acnb³hÀjw, hnip² IpÀºm\bpsS hÀjw XpS§nbhbpw IqSmsX F.Un. 2000 Pq_nenhÀjambn {]Jym]n¨Xpw tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³ amÀ]m¸bmWv.
temIbphP\Zn\w XpS§nbXpaqew [mcmfw bphm¡sfbpw bphXnIsfbpw k`bnte¡v BIÀjn¡phm³ hnip²\p Ignªp. GXmWvSv Hcp tImSn Fgp]¯nbmdp e£t¯mfw XoÀ°mSIscbmWv At±lw Xsâ _p[\mgvNtXmdpapÅ s]mXp{]kwK¯neqsS (GXmWvSv 1,160 Hmfw {]kwK§Ä) A`nkwt_m[\ sNbvXXv. {]tXyImhkc§fnse A`nkwt_m[\Ifpw aX]camb NS§pIfnse {]kwK§fpw ta¸dª IW¡nÂs¸SpIbnà (80 e£t¯mfw XoÀ°mSIcmWv Pq_nenhÀjamb 2000¯n am{Xw F¯nbXv).
Cäenbnepw temIw apgph\pambn \S¯nbn«pÅ t{]jnXkµÀi\§fn Zie£¡W¡n\p hnizmknIsfbmWv At±lw A`nkwt_m[\ sNbvXn«pÅXv. hnhn[ cmPy§fnÂ\n¶pambn F®aä kÀ¡mÀ DtZymKØcpw P\{]Xn\n[nIfpambpw At±lw IqSn¡mgvN \S¯n. GXmWvSv 38 HutZymKnIkµÀi\§fpw 738 s]mXptbmK§fpw hnhn[ cm{ã¯eh³amcpambpw, 246 s]mXptbmK§Ä {][m\a{´namcpambpw At±lw \S¯nbn«pWvSv.
2005 G{]n cWvSn\v hnip² tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³ amÀ]m¸ Xsâ HutZymKnI hkXnbn h¨v Cu temIt¯mSv hnS ]dªp. G{]n 8 \v skâv ]otägvkv kvIzbdn h¨v hnip²sâ kwkvImc¨S§pIÄ \S¯pIbpw skâv ]otägvkv _ken¡bnse IÃdbn AS¡pIbpw sNbvXp. 2011 tabv 1 \p _\UnIväv ]Xn\mdma³ amÀ]m¸ At±ls¯ hmgv¯s¸«h\mbn {]Jym]n¨p. 2014 G{]n 27\v {^m³knkv amÀ]m¸bmWv tPm¬ t]mÄ cWvSma³ amÀ]m¸sb hnip² ]Zhnbnte¡v DbÀ¯nbXv.

 
 
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor :
Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

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