November, 13, 2019
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 37
Volume : 52
 
 
 
 
 
 

hÀ¯am\w
tUm. Ipcymkv Ip¼f¡pgn
   
Atbm[ymhn[n kam[m\Imlfw
Bcm[\meb§fpsS t]cn hg¡Sn¡p¶Xv hnizmktimjW¯n\ÃmsX hnizmkt]mjW¯n\p klmbIaÃ. kwLÀj¯nsâ hnShpIfneqsS iàn{]m]n¡p¶Xp hÀKobXbmbncn¡pw. lrZbw kvt\liq\yamIpt¼mgmWv hÀKobX thcp]nSn¡p¶Xv.

C´y³ PpUojydnbpsS Ncn{X¯nse kp{][m\hn[nIfnsem¶mWv \hw_À H¼Xp i\nbmgvN kp{]owtImSXnbnÂ\n¶pWvSmbXv. Hcp]t£, kp{]owtImSXnbpsS Ncn{X¯nse Gähpw al¯mb hn[nsb¶pw CXp hcpwIme¯dnbs¸t«¡mw.
H¶c \qämWvSp \oWvS Atbm[ym cmaP·`qanXÀ¡¯n\v Cu hn[n imizX]cnlmcamIpsa¶v C´y³P\X {]Xo£n¡p¶p. No^v PÌokv cRvP³ tKmtKmbv A[y£\mb A©wK`cWLS\m_©mWv hn[nsbgpXnbncn¡p¶Xv. PÌokpamcmb AtimIv `qj¬, Fkv.F. t_m_vsU, Un.ssh. N{µNqUv, A_vZpÄ \koÀ F¶nhcmWv aäwK§Ä.
D¯À{]tZinse Atbm[y AhXmc]pcpj\mb {iocmaN{µsâ P·ØeamsW¶p `mcXobÀ, {]tXyIn¨v lnµpkaqlw hnizkn¡p¶p. BZnImhyamb hmevaoIncmambWw Cu hkvXpX IrXyambn km£ys¸Sp¯nbn«pWvSv. AXp sXämsW¶p hmZn¡m³ Ncn{XImc·mÀ¡p aXnbmb sXfnhpIfnÃXm\pw.
Atbm[ysb NpänsbmgpIp¶ \ZnbmWp kcbq. Cu \Znbn ap§nbmWv {iocma³ Pekam[n ASªXv. A§s\ P\\wsImWvSp am{XaÃ, kam[nsImWvSpw Atbm[y {iocma\pambn _Ôs¸«pInS¡p¶p.
{]iv\aXÃ. D¯À{]tZinse ss^km_mZp PnÃbpsS BØm\amb Atbm[y 79.8 NXpc{i IntemaoäÀ hnkvXrXnbpÅ henb \KcamWv. AhnsSsb§pw {iocmasâ P·kam[nIÄ¡p km£yw hln¡p¶ ØmhcLSI§sfm¶pw ImWm\nÃ. F¶m ]c¼cmKXambn sslµhkaqlw cmaP·`qansb¶p hnizkn¡p¶ Hcp ØeapWvSv. ]t£, ASp¯Imew hsc (1992 hsc) AhnsSbpWvSmbncp¶Xv Hcp apÉow ssZhmebamWv þ _m_dn akvPnZv.
apKÄcmPhwi¯nsâ Øm]I\mb _m_À N{IhÀ¯nbpsS t]cn Adnbs¸Sp¶ apÉowssZhmebamWv _m_dn akvPnZv. _m_dnsâ Iev]\{]Imcw At±l¯nsâ P\dÂamcnsemcmfmb anÀ_mIzn 1528  \nÀ½n¨XmWp _m_dn akvPnZv F¶mWp Ncn{Xw. A§s\bÃ, HudwKko_v N{IhÀ¯n (1658þ1707)bmWv Atbm[ybnepWvSmbncp¶ Hcp cmat£{Xw XIÀt¯m cq]m´cs¸Sp¯ntbm _m_dn akvPnZv ]Wn XoÀ¯sX¶p asämcp hmZhpapWvSv.
{_n«ojv CuÌn´ym¡¼\nbpsS kÀthbÀ Bbncp¶ {^m³kokv _p¡m\m³, 1814  _m_dn akvPnZnsâ `n¯nbn _m_dmWp akvPnZnsâ \nÀ½mXmsh¶p km£ys¸Sp¯p¶ Hcp enJnXw IWvSXmbn tcJs¸Sp¯nbn«pWvSv. A§s\bÃ, HudwKko_mWp akvPnZv \nÀ½mXmsh¶ Hcp ]c¼cmKXhnizmkw Atbm[ybnse apÉowIÄ¡nSbn DsWvS¶v At±lw tcJs¸Sp¯p¶pWvSv.
Pkyq«v anj\dnbpw KthjI\pambncp¶ ^mZÀ tPmk^v ssSs^³ lmseÀ (1710þ1785) _m_dn akvPnZns\¡pdn¨p Nne ]cyth£W§Ä \S¯nbn«pWvSv. At±lw kqNn¸n¡p¶ Hcp hkvXpX, Atbm[ybn {iocma\mbn AhXcn¨ hnjvWphnsâ P·Øew F¶p P\§Ä hnizkn¡p¶ Hcp `h\w AhnsS DWvSmbncp¶psh¶mWv.
C§s\ apÉowIÄ¡pw lnµp¡Ä¡pw Bcm[yamb Hcp ]hn{X`qanbmbn Atbm[y ]cnWan¨p. A§s\bmWp akvPnZn\pÅn apÉowIfpw shfnbn lnµp¡fpw Bcm[\ \S¯p¶ kmlNcyapWvSmbXv. AXmWp ]Xps¡¸Xps¡ XÀ¡`qan {]iv\w DbÀ¶phcm³ CSbm¡nbXpw.
Atbm[ybn ]WvSpapXte Hcp cmat£{XapWvSmbncp¶psh¶pw apKÄ`cWIme¯v t£{Xw XIÀt¯m t£{X¯n\p cq]t`Zw hcp¯ntbm tamkvIv ]WnXp F¶pw lnµp hnizmknIÄ hmZn¡p¶p. AXp icnbmbn¡qsS¶nÃ. Hcp P\X ZpÀ_eamIpIbpw asämcp P\X iàcmhpIbpw sN¿pt¼mÄ ZpÀ_ehn`mK¯nsâ k¼¯p adphn`mKw X«nsbSp¡pI kzm`mhnIamWv. Bcm[\meb§fpsS Imcy¯nepw CXp kw`hn¡mw. t£{Xw ssZhmebambpw AXp]ns¶ ]Ånbmbpw hoWvSpaXp t£{Xambpsams¡ amdnhcmw. apKÄN{IhÀ¯namcpsS `cWIme¯v apÉowIÄ {]_ecmbn¯oÀ¶ Øe§fn t\ct¯bpWvSmbncp¶ sslµht£{X§Ä akvPnZpIfmbn amänbncn¡m\pÅ km[yX XÅn¡fbm\mhnÃ.
{iocmasâ P·Øew GsX¶p \ap¡dnbnÃ. {iocmaIY ]dbp¶ hmevaoIncmambW¯nsâ cN\mImew _n.kn. A©mw iXIamsW¶p NneÀ IW¡m¡p¶p. AXnse `mj euInIkwkvIrXamWv. thZ§fpsSbpw D]\nj¯pIfpsSbpw cN\ sshZnIkwkvIrX¯nemWv. sshZnIkwkvIrX¯nÂ\n¶p `n¶ambn euInIkwkvIrXw hnIkn¨phcp¶Xv {InkvXphÀj¯nsâ BZyiXI§fnemWv. AXpsImWvSv hmevaoIncmambW¯nsâ cN\bpw A¡meL«¯nemhm\mWp km[yX.
hmevaoIncmambW¯nsâ IÀ¯mhp hmevaoIn alÀjn {iocmasâ kaImenI\msW¶p cmambWImhywXs¶ km£ys¸Sp¯p¶p. hmevaoIn FgpXnb cmambWImhyw cma]p{X·mcmb ehIpi·mcmWv Atbm[ybnse¯n AhcpsS ]nXmhmb {iocmasâ ap¼n AhXcn¸n¡p¶Xv. AXptI«p {iocma³ ]Ým¯m]hnhi\msb¶pw, Xm³ ]cnXyPn¨ [À½]Xv\n koXsb, ehIpi·mcpsS A½sb, hmevaoInbpsS B{ia¯nÂ\n¶p sIm«mc¯nte¡p Iq«ns¡mWvSphcm³ Iev]n¨psh¶pw D¯ccmambWw ]dªpXcp¶p.
CXpsImsWvSm¶pw IrXyamb ImeKW\ km[yaÃ. at[y´ybpsS H«pan¡ `mK§fpw AS§p¶ tImke cmPy¯nsâ XeØm\ambncp¶p kcbq\Zn¡cbnse Atbm[y. tImkew `cn¨ncp¶ kqcyhwicmPmhmb ZicYsâ aq¶p `mcyamcn Hcmfmb IukeybmWp {iocmasâ A½. hntZlcmPmhmb P\Isâ ]p{Xn koXbmWp {iocmasâ `mcy. koXmcma·mÀ h\hmk¯nembncns¡ koXmtZhnsb, e¦m[n]Xn cmhW³ X«ns¡mWvSpt]mbn. Ahsf hosWvSSp¡m\mWp cmacmhWbp²w DWvSmIp¶Xv. cmhWs\ h[n¨p koXsb tamNn¸n¨ cma³ hoWvSpw Atbm[ybnse¯n cmPy`mcw GsäSp¯p.
]n¶osS¶mWp tImkecmPyw CÃmXmbsX¶pw kqcyhwicmPm¡·mcpsS ]c¼c AkvXan¨sX¶pw \ap¡dnªpIqSm. Hcp Imcyw am{Xw Adnbmw. {_n«ojpImÀ C´ybpsS `cWw ssIbS¡nb ]Xns\«mw \qämWvSn ChnsS \qdp IW¡n\p \m«pcmPm¡·mÀ DWvSmbncp¶p. AhÀ¡nSbn Hcp kqcyhwicmPmthm tImkecmPytam DWvSmbncp¶nÃ. Atbm[ybn A¶pWvSmbncp¶Xv _m_dn akvPnZp am{Xw.
{iocma³ Pekam[n hcn¨p F¶p hnizkn¡p¶ kcbq \Zn¡cbnse Atbm[ybn ]nev¡me¯v Hcp cmat£{Xw DWvSmbnsænte AZv`pXs¸tSWvSq. apÉowB[n]XyIme¯v AXp \in¸n¡s¸«ncn¡mw. Asæn akvPnZmbn cq]m´cs¸«ncn¡mw. A[nImc¯ns\Xntc ]nSn¨p\nev¡m³ t£{XDSaIÄt¡m `àP\§Ät¡m IgnbmsX t]mbXpw kzm`mhnIw.
{_n«ojv `cWIme¯v C´ybnse sslµhP\X {]_p²cmhpIbpw kwLSn¨piàcmhpIbpw sNbvXt¸mgmWv, Ime{]hml¯n XIÀ¶pt]mb cmat£{Xs¯bpw cmaP·`qansbbpwIpdn¨pÅ Nn´IÄ iàambXv. 1885  al´v cLp_oÀZmkv XÀ¡`qan¡p kao]w Bcm[\ \S¯m³ Hcp taevs¡«n ]Wnbm\pÅ A\phmZw tNmZn¨psImWvSv ss^km_mZv PnÃmt¡mSXnbn Hcp lÀPn kaÀ¸n¨p. tImSXn AXp \nckn¨p. CXmWp cmaP·`qan hosWvSSp¡m\pÅ B[p\nIIme{ia§fpsS XpS¡w.
]n¶oSp ]e hyànIfpw kwLS\Ifpw cmaP·`qan hn«pIn«m\pÅ At]£Ifpw tImSXnt¡kpIfpambn cwKs¯¯n. AsXm¶pw ^ewImWmsX h¶ L«¯nemWv lnµpkwLS\IfpsS t\XrXz¯n 1992 Unkw_À Bdn\p \S¶ _m_dn akvPnZv XIÀ¡epWvSmbXv. CXp apÉowP\Xbv¡p thZ\mP\Iambncps¶¦nepw tImSXnIsfbpw `cWm[nImcnIsfbpw hnizkn¨v AhÀ kwba\w ]men¨p. Nne Xo{h]£apÉow kwLS\IÄ {]Xntj[kzcapbÀ¯nsb¦nepw apÉowkapZmb¯nse `qcn]£hpw AXp sNhns¡mWvSnÃ.
XpSÀ¶p tIkpIsfÃmw Ael_mZp sslt¡mSXnbnte¡p amän. 2010 sk]väw_À 30 \v aq¶wKs_©nsâ hn[nbpWvSmbn. XÀ¡`qanbmb 2.77 G¡ÀØew Xpeyambn hn`Pn¨v, tIkn I£nIfmb kp¶n hJ^v t_mÀUv, \nÀtamln AJmU, cmweà F¶nhÀ¡p \evIm\mbncp¶p hn[n. ]t£, AXp {]iv\§Ä¡p ]qÀW]cnlmcambnÃ. kp{]owtImSXnbn A¸oepIÄ kaÀ¸n¡s¸«p.
B A¸oepIfnemWv Ct¸mÄ A´nahn[n DWvSmbncn¡p¶Xv. XÀ¡`qanbn cmat£{Xw ]p\À\nÀ½n¡m\mWp ]ctam¶XtImSXn A\paXn \evInbncn¡p¶Xv. ]t£, tIkn I£nIfmb sslµhkwLS\Isfm¶paà t£{Xw ]WntbWvSXv. tI{µKh¬saâp \ntbmKn¡p¶ Hcp {SÌn\mbncn¡pw \nÀ½mW¨paXe. {SÌn \nÀt½mln AJmUbv¡pIqSn {]mXn\n[yw \evIWw F¶p am{Xw.
1949  _m_dn akvPnZn hn{Kl§Ä Øm]n¨Xpw Bcm[\ A\phZn¨Xpw ]n¶oSv 1992  akvPnZv XIÀ¯Xpw \nbaewL\ambncp¶p F¶ hn[n{]kvXmhw apÉowhnizmknIfpsS apdnhpW¡p¶Xmbn. tIkn I£nbmb kp¶n hJ^vt_mÀUn\v ]pXnb ]Ån ]Wnbm³ Atbm[ybn¯s¶ At©¡À `qan \evIm\pw tImSXn D¯chn«ncn¡p¶p. AXv, 1989  tI{µKh¬saâv GsäSp¯ 67 G¡À Øe¯p\nt¶m, kwØm\ kÀ¡mÀ \nÝbn¡p¶ kao]Øe¯p\nt¶m BImw.
FÃm ]gpXpIfpw AS¨pÅ Hcp k¼qÀ®hn[nbmWv A©wK`cWLS\ms_©ntâXv. s]mXpsh hn[n kzmKXw sN¿s¸«ncn¡p¶p. apÉowhyàn\nbat_mÀUp am{XamWv ]p\x]cntim[\mlÀPn \evIpsa¶p {]XnIcn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. Nne sNdnb apÉowkwLS\Ifpw Häs¸« t\Xm¡fpw AXr]vXn {]ISn¸n¨n«psWvS¦nepw apÉowP\X AXhKWn¡m\mWp km[yX. FÃmhcpw B{Kln¡p¶Xp kam[m\amWsÃm.
almßPn hn`mh\w sNbvX cmacmPy¯nsâ ImXÂ kam[m\hpw k´pjvSnbpw \ndª P\PohnXambncp¶p. AXp bmYmÀ°yam¡m³ Ignbp¶ {]Pmt£aXXv]ccmb `cWm[nIfmbncp¶p. A¯csamcp P\PohnXw Dd¸m¡nb `cWm[nImcnbmbncp¶p Atbm[ybnse {iocma³. B[p\nIC´y³ P\X Cu hkvXpX Xncn¨dnbWw.
Bcm[\meb§fpsS t]cn hg¡Sn¡p¶Xv hnizmktimjW¯n\ÃmsX hnizmkt]mjW¯n\p klmbIaÃ. kwLÀj¯nsâ hnShpIfneqsS iàn{]m]n¡p¶Xp hÀKobXbmbncn¡pw. lrZbw kvt\liq\yamIpt¼mgmWv hÀKobX thcp]nSn¡p¶Xv. ]ckv]ckvt\l¯nsâbpw kulmÀ±¯nsâbpw ASn¯dbn ]pXnb t£{Xhpw ]pXnb tamkvIpw ]Wn XoÀ¡m³ kp{]owtImSXnhn[n klmbIamIpsa¶p \ap¡p {]Xymin¡mw.

 
   
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor : Fr. George Pazheparampil
Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

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