May , 30, 2018
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 13
Volume : 51
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

hN\\mfw
tUm. tXmakv hSt¡Â
kvt\l¯nsâ kphÀ®\nbaw
Pq¬ 10
Çolm¡mew \memw RmbÀ
\nba. 1 : 16þ18 Gi¿. 1 : 10þ20
1 tImdn.9 : 19þ27 eq¡m. 6 : 27þ36
i{Xpkvt\lhpw {]Xn^teÑIqSmsXbpÅ \· sN¿epw ssZhIcpWbpsS `mh§fmWv. ZpjvStcmSpw \µnlo\tcmSpw IcpW ImWn¡p¶h\mWv ssZhw. B IcpWbmWv hnizmknIÄ kzoIcnt¡WvSXv.
Cu Çolm¡me¯n ]cnip²mßmhnsâ \ndhnembncn¡p¶ k`mX\bÀ¡v X§fpsS PohnX¯nsâ hnip²n F¶pw A`wKpcw Im¯pkq£n¡p¶Xn\pthWvSn Cutim \ÂIp¶ Hcp ]pXnb Iev]\bmWv C¶s¯ kphntij¯nsâ {]tabw (eq¡m 6:27þ36). i{Xp¡sf kvt\ln¡pI. kvt\l¯nsâ kphÀ®\nbaw (the Golden Rule) AhXcn¸n¨psImWvSv k`ma¡Ä F{]Imcw kvt\l¯nsâ ]pXnb Iev]\ ]men¡Wsa¶v Cu hN\§Ä ]Tn¸n¡p¶p. Hcp ]pXnb [mÀ½nIX (morality) Cutim ChnsS A\mhcWw sN¿p¶p. Xs¶ kvt\ln¡p¶hsc XncnsI kvt\ln¡pIbpw Xs¶ klmbn¡p¶hsc XncnsI klmbn¡pIbpw sN¿pI F¶ ]ckv]c]qcIX¯z¯nsâ Nn´IÄ¡pa¸pdw ssZh¯nsâ IcpWbpsS `mhw kzoIcn¨v i{Xp¡sft¸mepw kvt\ln¡Wsa¶v Cutim {]t_m[n¸n¡p¶p.
Fs¶ {ihn¨psImWvSncn¡p¶ \n§tfmSp Rm³ ]dbp¶p: \n§fpsS i{Xp¡sf kvt\ln¡phn³, \n§sf shdp¡p¶hÀ¡p \· sN¿phn³, \n§sf i]n¡p¶hsc A\p{Kln¡phn³; \n§sf ]oUn¸n¡p¶hÀ¡pthWvSn {]mÀ°n¡phn³ (6:27þ28). \mep Iev]\IfneqsS Cutim P\§sf Hcp ]pXnb ]mTw ]Tn¸n¡pIbmWv. CXv hnizmkkaqlt¯mSpÅ D]tZiamWv. ""Fsâ hm¡p {ihn¡p¶ \n§tfmSv'' (to you that listen) F¶pÅ {]tbmKw kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv CutimbpsS hm¡pIÄ AhnSp¶n hnizkn¡p¶ FÃmhÀ¡papÅXmWv F¶mWv. Cutimsb tIÄ¡p¶ / AhnSp¶n hnizkn¡p¶ kaqlw ]ment¡WvS Hcp ]pXnb kvt\l{]amWamWnXv. (a new commandment of love). "kvt\ln¡pI, IcpXepWvSmIpI, A]c\pthWvSn Bbncn¡pI' Fs¶ms¡ AÀ°w hcp¶ AKm]mHm (agapao= to love, have affection for, hold in high esteem, care for) F¶ {Ko¡p ]ZamWv ChnsS D]tbmKn¨ncn¡p¶Xv (agapate tous echthros love your enemies). Xs¶ FXnÀ¡p¶ht\mSv (echthros þ FIvt{Xmkv = hated, hostile) ImWnt¡WvS Hcp ]pXnb `mhw Cutim ChnsS ]Tn¸n¡p¶p. kvt\ln¡pI, IcpXepWvSmhpI. hn. ]utemkv Çolm tdmam¡mÀ¡v FgpXnb teJ\¯n Cu Nn´ Xs¶ ]¦phbv¡p¶pWvSv: ""\nsâ i{Xphn\p hni¡ps¶¦n `£n¡m\pw Zmln¡ps¶¦n IpSn¡m\pw sImSp¡pI'' (tdma 12:20). Xt¶mSv FXnÀ¡p¶ht\mSp t]mepw ImWn¡p¶ IcpXensâ (care for the other) `mhamWnXv. CXp Xn·bpsS taepÅ \·bpsS hnPbamWv. ""Xn· \n§sf Iogvs¸Sp¯mXncn¡s«. Xn·sb \·sImWvSp IogS¡phn³ (tdma 12:21). i{Xphns\ kvt\ln¡pt¼mÄ hnizmkn Xn·bpsSta hnPbw hcn¡p¶p (overcoming evil with good) Cutimsb {ihn¡p¶hÀ¡v, AhnSps¯ hm¡p tI«p Pohn¡p¶hÀ¡v hnPbambncn¡pw e`n¡p¶Xv.
\s½ tZzjn¡p¶htcmSp \· sN¿pt¼mÄ (Imtemkv s]mbv FbvsX kalos poieite = doing good); im]hm¡pIÄ ]dbp¶htcmSv A\p{Kl¯nsâ hN\§Ä XncnsI¸dbpt¼mÄ (FhptfmsKtbm þ eulogeo = speak well of, bless), A[nt£]n¡p¶hÀ¡pthWvSn {]mÀ°n¡pt¼mÄ (proseuchomai þ t{]mkvFhptJmambv = to pray), FXnÀ¡p¶hsc kvt\ln¡pt¼mÄ (AKm]mHmþagapao=love, care for) Xn·bpsSta \mw hnPbw hcn¡pw. Cutim \ÂIp¶ kvt\l{]amW¯nse {][m\s¸« \mep Imcy§Ä: kvt\ln¡pI (love), \· sN¿pI (do good), A\p{Kln¡pI (bless), {]mÀ°n¡pI (pray)
Hcp sNIn«¯v ASn¡p¶h\v atä sNInSpIqSn ImWn¨psImSp¡pI. tae¦n FSp¡p¶hs\ Ip¸mbwIqSn FSp¡p¶XnÂ\n¶v XSbcpXv. \nt¶mSp tNmZn¡p¶ GsXmcph\pw sImSp¡pI. \nsâ hkvXp¡Ä FSp¯psImWvSpt]mIp¶ht\mSp XncnsI tNmZn¡cpXv (eq¡m 6:29þ30). Cutim \evInb kvt\l¯nsâ \mep Iev]\IÄ F{]Imcw {]mhÀ¯nIam¡Wsa¶v {]mtbmKnI DZmlcW§fneqsS Cutim hyàam¡pIbmWo hmIy§fnÂ. k`m]nXmhmb At{]w C{]Imcw ]dbp¶p: "I®n\p ]Icw I®v' F¶XmWv ]gb \nba\oXnbpsS ]qÀ®X. "\nsâ Hcp IcW¯Sn¡p¶h\v atä IcWwIqSn ImWn¨psImSp¡pI' F¶Xv Ir]bpsS ]qÀ¯oIcWamWv. ASn¡p ]Icw ASn (]pd 21:24; tehy 24:20) F¶ X¯z¯n\v cq]m´cw kw`hn¨ncn¡p¶p. \o ]qÀ®Xbv¡mbn B{Kln¡p¶psh¦n \ns¶ ASn¡p¶h\p atä IcWw IqSn ImWn¨psImSp¡pI (Commentary on Tatian’s Diatessaron 6,11 b 12). ]pXnb \nba¯nsâ kvt\l{]amWamWv Cu DZmlcW§fneqsS Cutim ]Tn¸n¡p¶Xv. Xn·bpsStaepÅ \·bpsS hnPbamWv CXnsâ khntijX. CXv Hcp hyànsb hnip²nbnte¡pw ]cn]qÀ®Xbnte¡pw \bn¡pw.
BZys¯ DZmlcW¯n\ptijapÅ aq¶v DZmlcW§fpw Hcp "sImSp¡ensâ' "\ÂIensâ' (giving) ]mTw ]Tn¸n¡p¶p. tae¦n (coat) FSp¡p¶h\p Ip¸mbw (shirt) IqSn "sImSp¡p¶ kvt\lw'; Bhiy¡mcsâ klmbm`yÀ°\IÄ¡p ap¼n IW¡pt\m¡msX ssI\nd¨v "sImSp¡p¶ kvt\lw', A\phmZw tNmZn¡msX hkvXphIIÄ FSp¯psImWvSpt]mIp¶ht\mSv AXp XncnsI tNmZn¡msX AhsbÃmw Ah\p "sImSp¡p¶ kvt\lw.' ]Ic¯n\p ]Icsa¶ temI¯nsâ \nba¯n\pw X¯z¯n\pa¸pdapÅ "kvt\lw sImSp¡p¶' PohnXssienbmWv Cutim ]IÀ¶p \ÂIp¶Xv.
aäpÅhÀ \n§tfmSv F§s\ s]cpamdWsa¶v \n§Ä B{Kln¡p¶pthm A§s\Xs¶ \n§Ä AhtcmSpw s]cpamdphn³ (eq¡m 6:31). ]Xns\«mw \qämWvSpapX kphÀ®\nbasa¶v Adnbs¸Sp¶ Hcp {]amWamWnXv. ]ckv]c]qcIX¯zt¯mSp _Ôs¸«p \n¡p¶ Hcp \nbaamWnXv. ]gb\nba¯nepw {Ko¡pkmlnXy¯nepsams¡ CXnt\mSp kam\amb \nba§Ä ]e cq]§fnepw ImWs¸Sp¶pWvSv. ""tamiambsXm¶pw \n¶n ]Xn¡cpsX¶pw \ÃXnseÃmw \n\¡p ]¦mfnbmIWsa¶pw \o B{Kln¡p¶Xpt]mse, AtX X¯za\pkcn¨v aäpÅhtcmSpw s]cpamdpI'' (AcnkvsXbmkv). Cutim ChnsS ]Tn¸n¡p¶Xv hnizmknIÄ (Cutimsb {ihn¡p¶hÀþpeople that listen) FÃmhcpw ]ment¡WvS kvt\l¯nsâ am\ZÞamWv. \½psS NpäpapÅhtcmSpWvSmbncnt¡WvS kvt\l¯nsâ am\ZÞw \ap¡p \t½mSpXs¶bpÅ kvt\lamWv. A]c³ \s½ kvt\ln¡Wsa¶pw \ap¡p \· sN¿Wsa¶pamWv \½psS B{Klw. CXp \mw A]ct\mSp sN¿pt¼mÄ kvt\l¯nsâ kphÀ®\nbaw k^eoIcn¡s¸Spw.
]ckv]c]qcIX¯z¯nsâ (reciprocity) \ngepIÄ CutimbpsS hN\§fn ImWp¶psh¦nepw eq¡m 6:2þ34 se aq¶p tNmZy§fneqsS {InkvXob[mÀ½nIXbpsS bYmÀ° ASnØm\w F´msW¶v Cutim hyàam¡p¶pWvSv. kvt\ln¡p¶hsc XncnsI kvt\ln¡pI, \· sN¿p¶h\p XncnsI \· sN¿pI, ]Ww XncnsI Xcp¶h\p ]Ww \ÂIpI XpS§nb ]ckv]c]qcI§fmb s]cpamä§Ä am{Xaà AXnep]cnbmb Hcp {InkvXob[mÀ½nIX Cutim hn`mh\w sN¿p¶p. 1. i{Xp¡sf kvt\ln¡pI, 2. Xncn¨pIn«psa¶p {]Xo£n¡msX \· sN¿pI 3. hmbv] \ÂIpI. FÃmhcnepapÅ kzm`mhnI\· A\pkcn¨pam{Xw {]hÀ¯nt¡WvShcà Cutimbn hnizkn¡p¶hÀ; adn¨v, AXnkzm`mhnIambn {]hÀ¯nt¡WvShcmWv. i{Xpkvt\lhpw {]Xn^teÑIqSmsXbpÅ \ÂIepw \· sN¿epw ]ckv]c]qcIX¯zs¯ AXnewLn¡p¶XmWv.
C¯c¯n {]hÀ¯n¡p¶hÀ¡v Cutim hmKvZm\w sN¿p¶ {]Xn^ew hfsc hepXmWv. AXyp¶Xsâ ]p{X·mcmbncn¡pw (Sons of the Most High) eq¡m 6:35 se huioi hupshitou (^yqbntbmbn lyp]vknkvXp = highest) F¶Xv AXyp¶X\mb ssZhs¯bmWp kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. i{Xphns\ kvt\ln¡p¶hÀ "]m]nIfpsS kvt\ls¯' (eq¡m 6:34) shÃp¶ ssZhImcpWy¯nsâ {]hr¯nIÄ sN¿p¶hÀ FÃmw ssZhhpambpÅ klhmk¯nemIpsa¶mWv kqNnXmÀ°w. i{Xpkvt\lhpw {]Xn^teÑIqSmsXbpÅ \· sN¿epw ssZhIcpWbpsS `mh§fmWv (eq¡m 6:36). ZpjvStcmSpw \µnlo\tcmSpw IcpW ImWn¡p¶h\mWv ssZhw. B IcpWbmWv hnizmknIÄ kzoIcnt¡WvSXv. BÀ{ZNn¯\mb, IcpWmÀ{Z\mb, km\pI¼amb (compassionate, merciful) F¶À°whcp¶ HbnIvXnÀtam³ (oiktirmon) F¶ ]Z¯nsâ D]tbmK¯neqsS, "FÃmhcpw BÀ{ZXbpÅhcmIWsa¶v' Cutim ]Tn¸n¡p¶p. BÀ{ZX ssZh¯nsâ `mhamsW¶v AeIvkm{WvSnbmbnse hn. kndnÄ HmÀ½n¸n¡p¶p. Cu ssZhnI{]IrXnbmWv hnizmknIÄ kzoIcnt¡WvSXv.
 
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor : Fr. George Pazheparampil
Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

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