June, 20, 2018
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 16
Volume : 51
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

hN\\mfw
tUm. tXmakv hSt¡Â
CSp§nb hmXnepw ssZhcmPy{]thi\hpw
Pqsse 1
Çolm¡mew Ggmw RmbÀ
\nba. 4 : 10þ14 Gi¿. 5 : 8þ20
1 tImdn. 16 : 1þ14 eq¡m.13 : 22þ30
\oXnbpsS amÀ¤¯n Ncn¡pt¼mgmWv Hcph\v ssZh¯nsâ ]¡te¡p IS¶phcphm³ km[n¡p¶Xv.
A{_mlhpw Cklm¡pw bmt¡m_pw kIe {]hmNI·mcpw ssZhcmPy¯n Ccn¡p¶Xmbpw \n§Ä ]pd´Ås¸Sp¶Xpambn ImWpt¼mÄ \n§Ä hne]n¡pIbpw ]Ãndp½pIbpw sN¿pw (eq¡m 13:28). C{kmtbense ]qÀÆ]nXm¡·mcpw {]hmNI·mcpw kzÀ¤obhncp¶n ]¦ptNÀ¶hcmWv.

C¶v Çolm¡me¯nse Ahkm\RmbÀ. ]cnip²mßmhnsâ \ndhnepÅ k`ma¡Ä FÃmhcpw ssZhcmPy¯n {]thin¡Wsa¶ Hcp HmÀ½s¸Sp¯emWv C¶s¯ kphntijw: eq¡m 13:22þ30. ISpIpaWnbpsSbpw (eq¡m 13:18þ19) ]pfnamhnsâbpw (eq¡m 13:20þ21) D]aIfneqsS ssZhcmPy¯nsâ kz`mhw hniZoIcn¨tijw "CSp§nbhmXneneqsS' ssZhnIcmPy¯n {]thin¡Wsa¶ Blzm\amWv Cu Znhks¯ kphntij¯nsâ {][m\ {]tabw. Cu D]abpsSbpw ap³hnhc§fpsSbpw (eq¡m 13:1þ9) ASnØm\¯n CXv am\km´c¯nte¡pw A\pXm]¯nte¡pw AXphgn "c£'bnte¡papÅ CutimbpsS Hcp £Ww Xs¶bmWv.
""]«W§fnepw {Kma§fnepw ]Tn¸n¨psImWvSv Ah³ Pdpkteante¡p bm{X sN¿pIbmbncp¶p. Hcph³ Aht\mSp tNmZn¨p: ""IÀ¯mth, c£ {]m]n¡p¶hÀ Npcp¡amtWm?'' (eq¡m 13:22þ23 a). CutimbpsS bm{XbpsS e£yamWv BapJhmIyw kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. AhnSps¯ bm{X Pdpkteante¡mWv. CXv kam[m\¯nsâ CShpw (place of peace) hnip² \KchpamWv (holy city). CutimbpsS al¯zoIcW¯nsâ ØeamWnXv. CutimtbmsSm¸w kam[m\¯nsâ, c£bpsS Øet¯¡p bm{X sNt¿WvShcmWv k`ma¡Ä. "c£'bnte¡pÅ bm{Xbn t]cp shfns¸Sp¯m¯ Hcp t{imXmhnsâ tNmZyamWnhnsS ImWs¸Sp¶Xv. AbmfpsS t]cv ChnsS {][m\aÃ; adn¨v, AbmfpsS tNmZyw Gsd {]kàamWv. c£ {]m]n¡p¶hÀ Npcp¡amtWm? (will those who are saved be few?) hntamNnXcmIpI, kzX{´cmIpI, c£ t\SpI (liberate, free, attain salvation) XpS§nb AÀ°§fpÅ sozo (tkmtÊm) F¶ {Ko¡v ]Zw hnip²{KÙ¯n \nXyc£tbmSp tNÀ¯mWv IqSpX D]tbmKn¡p¶Xv. Cu "\nXyc£' ssZhcmPy¯nte¡pÅ Hcphsâ {]thi\amWv. ssZht¯mSpIqsS Bbncn¡p¶ AhØbmWnXv.
Ah³ AhtcmSp ]dªp: CSp§nb hmXneneqsS {]thin¡phm³ ]cn{ian¡phn³. Rm³ \n§tfmSp ]dbp¶p, At\Iw t]À {]thin¡m³ {ian¡pw. F¶m AhÀ¡p km[n¡pIbnà (eq¡m 13:24 b25). t{imXmhnsâ tNmZy¯n\v Cutim "AtX' Ft¶m "AÃ' Ft¶m D¯cw \ÂIp¶nÃ. adn¨v, Xs¶ A\pKan¡p¶hÀ F{]ImcamWv c£ IcKXamt¡WvSsX¶v Cutim ChnsS ]Tn¸n¡p¶p: "CSp§nb hmXneneqsS' (Narrow Door) {]thin¡pI. kvsXs\kv Xodmkv (stenes thyras) F¶ ]Z{]tbmK¯nsâ AÀ°w Be¦mcnIamWv. am\km´cs¸«v (sa¯t\msbtbm þ metanoeo) c£bpsS hgnbnte¡p Ncn¡p¶XmWnXv.
AeIvkm{WvSnbmbnse kndnensâ `mjy¯n CSp§nb hgnbneqsS IS¡p¶hÀ ""amen\ytaim¯ hnizmkhpw Idbä [mÀ½nIXbpw kz´am¡nbhcmbncn¡Ww...'' hnimeXbpsS hgntb (broader way) Ncn¡p¶hÀ \mi¯nte¡p ]Xn¨n«pWvSv. "PUnIIrXy§tfmSpÅ A\nb{´nXamb XmXv]cyhpw eÖmIchpw kpJtemep]amb PohnXssienbpamWv' hnimeXbpsS hgn AÀ°am¡p¶Xv. \nbaw hne¡p¶, ssZhw CjvSs¸Sm¯ kIeXnt\mSpapÅ A\nb{´nXamb Nmbvhv, ZpÈmTyapÅ a\Êv, KÀÆnjvTamb hyÀ°`mh\ F¶nhbnÂ\ns¶Ãmw "c£bnte¡p Ncn¡p¶hÀ' ]n³hm§Ww (commentary on Luke, Homily 99).
ho«pSaس Fgpt¶äv, hmXn AS¨pIgnªm¸ns¶, \n§Ä ]pd¯p\n¶v, IÀ¯mth R§Ä¡p Xpd¶pXcWta F¶p ]dªv hmXn¡ ap«m³ XpS§pw. At¸mÄ Ah³ \n§tfmSp ]dbpw: ""\n§Ä FhnsS\n¶msW¶v Rm³ Adnbp¶nÃ'' (eq¡m 13:25). "Krl\mY³, ho«pSaس' (the master of the house) F¶À°w hcp¶ oikodespotes (HbvsImtZkvt]ms¯kv) F¶ {Ko¡p \maw ]nXmhmb ssZhs¯bmWv ChnsS kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv. ssZhcmPy¯nsâ DSaØ\mWhnSp¶v. ssZhcmPy¯nsâ {]thi\w \nb{´n¡p¶Xp ssZhamsW¶ kqN\ CXp \ÂIp¶p.
ssZht¯msSm¯pÅ PohnXs¯ hncp¶pimetbmSv D]an¨p ]dbmdpWvSv. Cu hncp¶pimebpsS hmXnepIÄ Xpd¶nSp¶ kabw DWvSv. F¶m \nÝnXkab¯n\ptijw Cu hmXnepIÄ ASbv¡s¸Spw. ]n¶oSv Cu hmXnepIÄ Xpd¡s¸Sp¶nÃ; BÀ¡pw AI¯p {]thin¡phm³ km[n¡p¶nÃ. hmXn Xpd¶n«ncn¡pt¼mįs¶ A\pX]n¨v (CSp§nb hmXneneqsS) ssZht¯msSm¯pÅ PohnX¯n {]thin¡Wsa¶v CXv Blzm\w sN¿p¶p. DNnXamb kab¯p hncp¶pimebn {]thin¡phm³ km[n¡msX hcp¶hÀ¡v B ku`mKyw ssItamiw hcpw. a¯mbn kphntij¯nse hncp¶n\p £Wn¡s¸«n«pw "Hcp§nbncn¡m¯Xn'sâ t]cn hnhmlhncp¶n\p {]thin¡m³ km[n¡msX h¶ A©p I\yIIÄ CXn\v DZmlcWamWv (a¯m 25:10). "Hcp§nbncp¶hÀ' (those who were ready etoimos = Ft¯mbvtamkv) am{XamWv hnhmlhncp¶n {]thin¨Xpw aWhmf\mb CutimtbmSv H¸ambncp¶Xpw.
hmXn Xpd¶ncn¡pt¼mÄ AI¯p {]thin¡m¯hsc, hmXn AS¨pIgnbpt¼mÄ IÀ¯mhv Xncn¨dnbp¶nÃmsb¶v kphntijI³ AhXcn¸n¡p¶pWvSv (eq¡m 13:25 b, 27 a). "AdnbpI, Xncn¨dnbpI (know, recognize) F¶o AÀ°§fpÅ oida (HbvZm) F¶ {Inbm]ZamWv ChnsS D]tbmKn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. hn. BKkvXot\mknsâ `mjy¯n "aninlmbpsS \ma¯m ap{ZnXcpw {InkvXym\nIÄ F¶p hnfn¡s¸Sp¶hcpw BsW¦nÂt¸mepw, A\oXnbpsSbpw `àncmlnXy¯nsâbpw PohnXw \bn¡pIbmsW¦n AhÀ aninlmbpsS i{Xp¡fmWv. "Rm³ \n§sf Adnbp¶nÃ' F¶ CutimbpsS hN\§Ä C¡q«sc Dt±in¨pÅXmWv (sermon 308 A6).
"A\oXn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶htc \n§Ä F¶nÂ\n¶v AI¶pt]mIphn³' (eq¡m 13:27 b). ZujvSyw, A[À½w, A\oXn, sXäv (unrighteousness, injustice, wickedness, wrong doing) XpS§nb AÀ°§fpÅ adikia (AZoInb) F¶ \maamWv ChnsS D]tbmKn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. \oXn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶hÀ¡mWv kzÀ¤cmPy¯n {]thi\w e`n¡p¶Xv. "CSp§nb hmXneneqsS AI¯p {]thin¡phm³ ]cn{ian¡pI' (strive to enter by the narrow door) F¶ CutimbpsS Blzm\w kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv \oXnbpsS {]hÀ¯\§Ä \S¯pI F¶mWv. A\oXn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶hÀ ssZh¯nÂ\n¶v AI¶pt]mIp¶hcmWv. \oXnbpsS amÀ¤¯n Ncn¡pt¼mgmWv Hcph\v ssZh¯nsâ ]¡te¡p IS¶phcphm³ km[n¡p¶Xv.
A{_mlhpw Cklm¡pw bmt¡m_pw kIe {]hmNI·mcpw ssZhcmPy¯n Ccn¡p¶Xmbpw \n§Ä ]pd´Ås¸Sp¶Xpambn ImWpt¼mÄ \n§Ä hne]n¡pIbpw ]Ãndp½pIbpw sN¿pw (eq¡m 13:28). C{kmtbense ]qÀÆ]nXm¡·mcpw {]hmNI·mcpw kzÀ¤obhncp¶n ]¦ptNÀ¶hcmWv. bpKm´yhncp¶n (eschatological banquet) `mK`m¡mIp¶hcmWv ChÀ. F¶mÂ, A\oXn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶hÀ Cu hncp¶nÂ\n¶p ]pd¯m¡s¸Spw. ssZhcmPys¯ kzÀ¤obhncp¶nt\mSpw ]pd´Ås¸Sp¶hsc A\oXn sN¿p¶hcpambmWv ChnsS Nn{XoIcn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. A\oXn {]hÀ¯n¡p¶ C{kmtb P\¯n\v, ssZht¯mSpIqSnbpÅ hmkw \jvSamIpsa¶v CXp hyàam¡p¶p. hne]n¡pI (weep), ]ÃpISn¡pI/]Ãndp½pI F¶o {]tbmK§Ä ssZht¯mSpIqsS Bbncn¡phm³ km[n¡m¯hcpsS Zb\obamb AhØsbbmWv kqNn¸n¡p¶Xv.
bpKm´yhncp¶nÂ\n¶p cmPy¯nsâ a¡Ä ]pd´Ås¸Spt¼mÄ, hnPmXobÀ c£ IcKXam¡psa¶mWv eq¡m 13:29,30 {]Imcw ]Tn¸n¡p¶Xv. \mep ZniIfn \n¶pw h¶ "P\§Ä' F¶Xp {][m\ambpwhnPmXobscbmWv ChnsS Dt±in¡p¶Xv. ""kzÀ¤cmPy¯n hncp¶n\ncn¡pI (sit at the table in the kingdom of God) F¶p ]dªm "c£' kzoIcn¡pI F¶XmWÀ°w. kzÀ¤cmPy¯n hncp¶n\ncn¡p¶hÀ c£ {]m]n¡pIbpw ]pd´Ås¸«hÀ in£bv¡v AÀlcmIpIbpw sN¿p¶psh¶p kmcw. ChnsS ap¼³amcmbn¯ocp¶ ]n¼·mÀ hnPmXobP\Xbpw ]n¼·mcmIp¶ ap¼·mÀ blqZP\XbpamWv. ssZhhN\w BZyw e`yambncp¶n«pw AXn hnizkn¡msX, \oXn {]hÀ¯n¡msX Ncn¨Xphgn blqZkaqlw c£ \jvSs¸Sp¯n. AeIvkm{WvSnbmbnse kndn C{]Imcw ]dbp¶p: ""BßobmÀ°¯n Ahsâ kz´w `h\w F¶ \nebnÂ\n¶pw blqZÀ \new]Xn¨p... hnPmXobÀ hnip²tcmsSm¸w hn{ian¨p'' (commentary on Luke, Homily 99).
 
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor : Fr. George Pazheparampil
Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

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