June , 18, 2015
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 16
Volume : 48
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Fsâ Xocw, Fsâ shÅw, Fsâ Poh³
tam¬. ^nen¸v Rcf¡m«vv
IsWvS¯epIfpsS ASnØm\¯n ao\¨n emänse shÅw tImfot^mw _mIvSocnbmbpsS B[nIyw aqew ip²oIcn¡msX IpSn¡phmt\m Ipfn¡phmt\m tbmKyaÃ. BWvSph«w apgph³ ip²Pew HgpInsb¯nbncp¶Xpw th¼\m«pImb apX aebpsS ASnhmcwhsc KXmKXtbmKyhpambncp¶ ao\¨nemdnsâ C¶s¯ ØnXn Zb\obamWv.

`qanbnse BZys¯ aqehn`hamWp Pew. `qanbn Poh³ \ne\nÀ¯p¶ Gähpw A\nhmcyamb Hcp hyhØIqSnbmWv CXv. `qanbnse GXv Bhiy¯n\pw Pew thWw. Bhiy¡mcpsS F®w hÀ[n¡p¶X\pkcn¨v Bhiy§fpsS kz`mhhpw amdp¶p. CXp PeNqjW¯n\pw Peaen\oIcW¯n\pw CSbm¡p¶p. BtKmfPe{]XnkÔnsb¡pdn¨p ]Tn¨ tamUv _mÀtem Xsâ IrXn¡p \ÂInb t]cv "\oekzÀ®w' F¶mWv. ASp¯ \qämWvSn temIPebp²w DWvSmIpsa¶v temI_m¦p {]hNn¨Xpw Cu Ahkc¯n HmÀ½nt¡WvSXmWv.
ao\¨nemdv
tIcf s]mXpacma¯p hIp¸nsâ IW¡p{]Imcw ao\¨nemdnsâ hmÀjnI Pee`yX 2349 Zie£w Iyp_nIv aoädmWv. F¶m CXn D]tbmKn¡phm³ Ignbp¶ hmÀjnIPee`yX tIhew 1110 Zie£w Iyp_nIv aoäÀ am{XamWv. AXmbXv 47.25 iXam\w am{Xw. s]¿p¶ agbpsS 20 iXam\w a®nte¡nd§p¶p F¶ X¯zw tIcfs¯ kw_Ôn¨nSt¯mfw icnbÃ. tIcf¯nse D]cnXe `qKÀ` Pee`yXbpw Btfmlcn Pee`yXbpw IpdhmbXv Cu ImcW§fmemWv. GItZiw F«p iXam\w am{Xta PetkN\¯n\pw IpSnshůn\pambn tiJcn¡s¸Sp¶pÅq. _m¡nbpÅ 92 iXam\hpw {]tXyI Bhiy§Ä \ndthämsX \jvSamIp¶p.
kly]ÀÆX¯nÂ\n¶p ]pds¸Sp¶ If¯q¡Shv Bdpw Xrt¡mhnemdpw tNÀ¶mWv ao\¨nemdnsâ {][m\ imJ cq]s¸Sp¶Xv. Cucmäpt]«bnÂh¨v ]qªmÀ ]pgbpambn kÔn¨Xn\ptijw ao\¨nemÀ ]Snªmtdm«v HgpIp¶p. sImWvSqÀ h¨v Nnämdpw, fme¯ph¨v ]b¸mdt¯mSpw AXnt\mSp tNcp¶pWvSv. ]qªmÀ, Cucmäpt]«, ]mem, tIm«bw F¶nhbmWv Xocs¯ {][m\ \Kc§Ä.
tIm«bw \Kcs¯ kao]n¡p¶Xn\p ap¼mbn ao\¨nemÀ cWvSp ssIhgnIfmbn Xncnªv CSXpimJ BZyw ]Snªmtdm«pw ]ns¶ sXt¡m«pw XncnsªmgpIn tIm«bw \Kcs¯ Npänbtijw th¼\m«pImben sN¶ptNcp¶p. ao\¨nemdnsâ heXpimJ Ipd¨p Zqcw hSt¡m«v HgpInbXn\ptijw th¼\m«v Imben¯s¶bmWv F¯p¶Xv. Cu \Zn¡v 78 IntemaoäÀ \ofapWvSv.
_p¡À k½m\w t\Snb AcpÔXn tdmbnbpsS tKmUv Hm^v kvtamÄ XnMvkv F¶ t\mheneqsS ao\¨nemdpw AXnsâ Xoc¯pÅ Abva\w F¶ {Kmahpw hniz{]kn²n t\SpIbpWvSmbn. B t\mhense Hcp {][m\ IYm]m{Xw ao\¨nemdmWv.
ao\¨n \Zokwc£W Im¼bnÂ
GXmWvSv A³]XphÀjw ap¼phsc ip²Pew \ndªpIhnªmgpInb \ZnbmWp ao\¨nemdv. X]ÊpsNbvXp sImWvSncp¶ AKkvXyap\n Xsâ shÅw \ndª IpSw Ip¶n³sNcphneqsS Xmtg¡v Dcp«n krjvSn¨XpsImWvSmWv Cu Bdn\v ]pWymÀ (]qªmÀ) F¶p t]cph¶sX¶mWv sFXnlyw. aetbmc§fnepw \ZoXoc¯pw kar²ambn hfcp¶ Huj[kky§fpsS kmao]yw aqew Cu \Znbnse shůn\v Huj[KpWapWvSv F¶pt]mepw IcpXnbncp¶p. Cu k¦ev]§sfsbms¡ amänadn¡p¶Xpt]mse C¶p ao\n¨nemdv aen\oIcn¡s¸«ncn¡pIbmWv. C¶s¯ tXmX\pkcn¨p aWÂhmcepw ssItbä§fpw XpSÀ¶m Hcp \qämWvSn\pÅn ao\¨nemÀ A{]Xy£amIpsa¶p ]dbp¶ ]cnØnXn{]hÀ¯IcpWvSv. ao\¨nemdns\ amen\yhnapàam¡phm\pw ]qÀÆØnXnbnte¡p sImWvSphcphm\pw Nne ]cn{ia§Ä Bcw`n¨n«pWvSv. F¶m Bdnsâ aen\oIcWt¯mXp IsWvS¯m\pÅ imkv{Xob]T\§Ä Bcpw Xs¶ \S¯nbn«nÃ. Cu Ipdhp \nI¯pI F¶ e£yt¯msS ]mem skâv tPmk^vkv F©n\obdnwKv tImfPnse hnZymÀ°nIfpw A²ym]Icpw tNÀ¶v "tkhv ao\¨n dnhÀ Im¼bn³ 2015' F¶ t]cn \Znsb¸än Hcp imkv{Xob ]T\]²Xn BhnjvIcn¨p \S¸nem¡pIbpWvSmbn. tImfPnse Aªqtdmfw aq¶mwhÀj _nsSIv hnZymÀ°nIfpw Fgp]¯t©mfw A²ym]Icpw tNÀ¶mWv Cu ]T\w \S¯nbXv. ao\¨nemÀ DZv`hn¡p¶ kly]ÀÆX\ncIÄ apX InS§qÀ hscbpÅ Bdnsâ hnhn[ `mK§fnemWv ]T\w \S¶Xv. Bdnsâ {][m\ imJIfpw tXmSpIfpw DÄs¸Sp¯n Hcp ka{K]T\amWp \S¶Xv. ao\¨nemdv HgpIp¶ ]mXbneqsS \mev]¯nsb«p {][m\ tI{µ§Ä XncsªSp¯v A²ym]IcpsS t\XrXz¯n 10 hnZymÀ°nIÄ hoXw AS§p¶ 47 {Kq¸pIfmbn«mWv ]T\w \S¯nbXv.
]T\¯n aq¶p Imcy§Ä¡mWv Du¶Â sImSp¯Xv:
1. ao\¨nemdnt\mSp _Ôs¸« P\PohnXs¯¸än Hcp kÀtÆ.
2. ao\¨nemdpw A\p_ÔPet{kmXÊpIfpw amen\yclnXambn kq£n¡p¶Xnsâ {]m[m\ys¯¸änbpÅ t_m[hXvIcWw. eLpteJIÄ hnXcWwsNbvXpw hyàn]cambn _Ôs¸«pamWv CXp km[n¨Xv.
3. ao\¨nemänse Pe¯nsâ aen\oIcWt¯mXp IsWvS¯m\pÅ imkv{Xob]T\w. AXn\mbn ao\¨nemäntebpw kao]t{kmXÊpIfnsebpw shůnsâ "]nF¨v hmeyp (AavfKpWw/£mcKpWw) "lmÀUvs\kv (lmÀUv/ tkm^väv), tImfnt^mw _mIvSocnbbpsS km¶n²yw F¶nh tImfPnse em_n ]cntim[n¨p IsWvS¯pI, AXnsâ ^ew s]mXpP\§Ä¡p e`yam¡pI.
\Zokwc£WIm¼bn³ BZyL«w hnPbIcambn ]n¶n«ncn¡pIbmWv. CXnsâ `mKambn ao\¨nemdnsâ InS§qÀ þ I«¨nd hscbpÅ `mK§fn \ZoXockÀtÆbpw t_m[hXvIcW]cn]mSnIfpw Pekm¼nÄ kÀtÆbpw \S¯pIbpWvSmbn.
\ZoXockÀtÆbneqsS e`n¨ IsWvS¯epIÄ Xmsg sImSp¯ncn¡p¶p:
1. ao\¨nemdv C¶v A`napJoIcn¡p¶ Gähpw henb hn]¯v \ZoPeaen\oIcWhpw PeNqjWhpw A\n{´nXamb aWÂ hmcepamWv.
2. hoSpIÄ, hym]mchyhkmb Øm]\§Ä XpS§n FÃmbnS§fnÂ\n¶papÅ ssPhþAssPhamen\y§Ä ]pgbnte¡p XÅn ]pgsb Hcp Agp¡pNmem¡n amäp¶p. CXp ]pgbpsS aen\oIcW¯n\v B¡w Ip«pIbpw, IpSnshÅ t{kmXÊpIsf kmcambn _m[n¡pIbpw sN¿p¶p.
3. Xocw ssItbdnbpÅ A\[nIrX\nÀ½mW{]hÀ¯\§Ä ao\¨nemdnsâ Xoc¯p hym]IamIp¶p.
4. \ZoXocw sI«n kwc£n¡p¶Xv \ZnbpsS thKw Iq«p¶Xn\pw PetimjW¯n\pw PeP\yPohnIfpsS BhmkhyhØsb XInSw adn¡p¶Xn\pw CSbm¡p¶p.
5. ]¯p e£t¯mfw BfpIÄ hnhn[ Bhiy§Ä¡mbn ao\¨nemdns\ B{ibn¡p¶p.
6. BsI ]Xn¶mep ]©mb¯pIfpw ]mem ap³kn¸menänbpw DÄs¸sSbpÅ {]tZi§fnse GgpiXam\w P\§Ä C¶pw IpSnshůn\mbn ao\¨nemänse Pes¯ B{ibn¡p¶p.
7. tIcf Pe AtXmdn«nbpsS IognepÅ PehnXcWkwhn[m\§fn tImfnt^mw _mIvSocnbbpsS km¶n²yw CÃmbncp¶p.
8. kÀtÆbn ]s¦Sp¯ 88 iXam\w BfpIfpw ao\¨nemdnsâ aen\oIcWt¯mXv AXncq£amsW¶v A`n{]mbs¸«p.
9. 7 iXam\w BfpIÄ IpSn¡phm\pw, 28 iXam\w BfpIÄ Ipfn¡phm\pw 27 iXam\w BfpIÄ XpWn Ae¡phm\pw 3 iXam\w BfpIÄ arK§sf Ipfn¸n¡phm\pw 7 iXam\w BfpIÄ PetkN\¯n\pw ao\¨n \ZoPes¯ B{ibn¡p¶p.
10. ao\¨nemdnsâ hrjvSn{]tZis¯ 8 iXam\w BfpIÄ¡p ]pgaen\oIcWwaqew hfscb[nIw _p²nap«pIÄ t\cn«psImWvSncn¡p¶p. ]ehn[ tcmK§fm IjvSs¸Sp¶p.
11. ]pgbn \nt£]n¡p¶ ho«pamen\y§Ä, tlm«Â amen\yw, ¹mÌnIv amen\yw, hyhkmbamen\yw, ImÀjnIamen\yw F¶nh ao\¨nÂ\ZnbpsS aen\oIcW¯n\p {][m\ ]¦p hln¡p¶p.
12. kÀtÆbn ]s¦Sp¯ `qcn`mKw t]cpw Pe]cntim[\bpsS BhiyIXsb¸än t_m[hm·mcÃ.
kÀtÆbn ]s¦Sp¯ BfpIÄ ]pgbpsS kwc£W¯n\mbn {][m\ambpw Xmsg¸dbp¶ amÀ¤§Ä Ahew_n¡Wsa¶v A`n{]mbs¸«p:
1. ssPhþAssPh amen\y§Ä XcwXncn¨v hoSpIfn Xs¶ kwkvIcn¡pItbm ]p\cp]tbmKn¡pItbm sN¿Ww.
2. \Zoaen\oIcW¯n ¹mÌnIv henb ]¦mWp hln¡p¶Xv. BIbm ¹mÌnIv IhdpIfpw ¹mÌnIv shbnÌpIfpw \Znbn \nt£]n¡cpXv.
3. \nbaw IÀi\ambn \S¸nem¡Ww.
4. DdhnSamen\ykwkvIcWw Imcy£aam¡Ww.5. Xt±i kzbw`cWØm]\§Ä C¯cw Imcy§fn Imcy£aambn CSs]SpIbpw \nbaewL\§Ä¡p ss^³ CSpIbpw thWw.
6. kvIqÄXew apX t_m[hXvIcW\S]SnIÄ Bcw`n¡pIbpw ]mTy]²XnIfn DÄs¸Sp¯pIbpw thWw.
ao\¨nemdnsâ FÃm {][m\ ssIhgnIfnÂ\n¶pw, Bdv HgpIp¶ FÃm {]tZi§fnÂ\n¶pw imkv{Xobambn tiJcn¨ Pekm¼nfpIÄ tImfPnsâ knhn F©n\obdnwKv Un¸mÀ«psaânsâ IognepÅ em_n hniZamb ]cntim[\bv¡p hnt[bam¡n. 175 km¼nfpIfpsS ]T\^e§Ä tcJs¸Sp¯n {]kn²oIcn¡pIbpWvSmbn.
tImfnt^mw _mIvSocnbmbpsS km¶n²yw
KwKmPeaen\oIcW\nb{´W¯n\pÅ t_mÀUv UECPC (Uttarakhand Environment Conseration & Pollusion Control Board) h¨ncn¡p¶ \nehmca\pkcn¨p IpSnshůn tImfnt^mw _mIvSocnbmbpsS Afhv 50þ Xmsgbmbncn¡Ww. Ipfn¡phm\pÅ shůn 500þ Xmsgbpw Irjn¡p]tbmKn¡p¶ shůn 5000þ Xmsgbpambncn¡Ww. F¶m thÄUv sl¯v HmÀKss\tkjsâ (WHO) Ct¸mgs¯ {]Jym]\a\pkcn¨v IpSnshůn tImfnt^mw _mIvSocnb H«pw DWvSmbncn¡m³ ]mSnÃ. 2012þ13 apX C´ybpw Cu \nehmcamWp kzoIcn¨ncn¡p¶Xv. C´ybn aen\oIcWt¯mXv Gähpw DbÀ¶ tXmXnepÅ KwKm\Znbn lcnZzmÀ `mK¯v tImfnt^mw _mIvSocnbmbpsS Afhv 5500 BWv. ao\¨nemänse ]e Øe§fnepw tImfot^mw _mIväocnbmbpsS Afhv 2400þ A[nIamWv. Nne Øe§fn IsWvS¯nb Afhv sR«n¡p¶ hn[¯nemWv. 28/01/2015þ ]qªmän \ns¶Sp¯ shůn tImfnt^mw _mIvSocnbmbpsS Afhv 4800 BsW¦n Cucmäpt]« k±mw lpssk³ ]me¯nsâ Xmsg (Xot¡mbn hnwKv) AXv 24000 Dw Acphn¯pd ]me¯n\p Xmsg (]qªmÀ hnwKv) 4000 Dw BWv. ]mem ap\nkn¸Â _kv Ìm³Un\p kao]¯p\n¶v FSp¯ shůn tImfot^mw _mIvSocnbmbpsS Afhv cWvSpe£¯n \mev]Xn\mbncamWv. \Zn Xmtg¡v HgpIpIbpw tXmSpIfnÂ\n¶pÅ shÅw Bänte¡v F¯pIbpw sN¿p¶XpsImWvSv tImfot^mw _mIvSocnbmbpsS Afhv Ipdbp¶pWvSv. tNÀ¸p¦Â ]Ån¡Shn 4300þDw InS§qÀ A¼ew IShn 1500 Dw BWv _mIvSocnbmbpsS km¶n²yw.
]«W§tfmSp tNÀ¶phcp¶ `mK¯mWv \Zn¡v Gähpw A[nIw aen\oIcWw \S¡p¶Xv F¶p hyàamWv. tImfnt^mw _mIvSocnbmsb \in¸n¡m\pÅ Gähpw Ffp¸amÀ¤w shÅw \¶mbn Xnf¸n¡pIbmWv. t¢mdnt\m, »o¨nwKv ]uUtdm \nÝnX Afhn tNÀ¯pw _mIvSocnbmsb \in¸n¡mhp¶XmWv.
]n.F¨v. aqeyw
(A¾kz`mhw/£mckz`mhw)

]n.F¨v. aqeyw F¶m shůnsâ A¾kz`mhw (acidity) AYhm £mckz`mhw (alkalinity) F¶À°w. ]n.F¨v. aqeyw 7þ XmsgbmsW¦n shůn\v A¾kz`mhamWv. 7þ IqSpX DsWvS¦n £mcKpWapÅ shÅamWXv. ]n.F¨v. ]qPyamsW¦n shůn\v hfsc DbÀ¶ A¾kz`mhamWv. ]n.F¨v aqeyw 14 F¯pt¼mÄ apX hfsc DbÀ¶ £mckz`mhamWv shůn\pÅXv. ao\¨nemänÂ\ns¶Sp¯ shůnsâ 252 km¼nfpIÄ ]cntim[n¨Xn 129 sâbpw PH aqeyw 6.5þ XmsgbmWv. AXmbXv shůn\p sNdnbtXmXn A¾kz`mhapWvSv F¶À°w. Bhiym\pkcWw Np®mt¼m Ip½mbtam tNÀ¯p ip²oIcn¨v D]tbmKn¡Ww F¶mWv CXv AÀ°am¡p¶Xv.
shůnsâ lmÀUvs\kv
shůnsâ lmÀUvs\kv IsWvS¯p¶Xv AXn AenªptNÀ¶ncn¡p¶ [mXp¡fpsS tXmXv Af¶pt\m¡nbmWv. km[mcWbmbn ImÂkyw, aáojyw F¶nhbmWv ]mdIfneqsSbpw a®neqsSbpw HgpInbnd§pt¼mÄ shůn AenªptNcp¶ [mXp¡Ä. shůnsâ lmÀUvs\kv henbtXmXn hÀ²n¡p¶nsæn BtcmKy{]iv\§Ä H¶pwXs¶ DWvSmIp¶nÃ. adn¨v, sNdnb tXmXn ImÂkyw, aáojyw F¶nhbpsS km¶n²yw BtcmKy¯n\p \ÃXpamWv. F¶m lmÀUvs\kv hÀ²n¡pt¼mÄ shůn\v AcpNn DWvSmImdpWvSv. PehnXcW ss]¸pIfnenepw shÅw tiJcn¨p hbv¡p¶ ]m{X§fpsS DÄ`mK¯pw Cu [mXp¡Ä sNXp¼Ât]mse ]än¸nSn¡p¶ {]iv\apWvSv. lmÀUvs\kv DÅ shůn tkm¸v ]XbpIbnà F¶ t]mcmbvabpapWvSv. ao\¨nemänse shůn 252 km¼nfpIfn 225 epw 50þ XmsgbmWv lmÀUvs\knsâ Afhv. F¶mÂ, CXv 200 hsc Bbmepw A]ISanÃ. ao\¨nemdnsâ FÃm `mK¯pw tkm^väv hm«À Xs¶bmWpÅXv F¶À°w.
D]kwlmcw
IsWvS¯epIfpsS ASnØm\¯n ao\¨n emänse shÅw tImfot^mw _mIvSocnbmbpsS B[nIyw aqew ip²oIcn¡msX IpSn¡phmt\m Ipfn¡phmt\m tbmKyaÃ. BWvSph«w apgph³ ip²Pew HgpInsb¯nbncp¶Xpw th¼\m«pImb apX aebpsS ASnhmcwhsc KXmKXtbmKyhpambncp¶ ao\¨nemdnsâ C¶s¯ ØnXn Zb\obamWv. \½psS \mSnsâ P\PohnXhpw kwkvImchpambn CgpInt¨À¶ncn¡p¶ Cu \Zn kwc£n¡phm\papÅ ISa hyànIÄ¡p am{Xaà kaql¯n\papWvSv. ]pgsb aen\oIcn¡p¶Xn Gähpw ap¼n \n¡p¶Xv ho«pamen\y§fpw tlm«Â amen\y§fpw \Kc§fnse HmSIfnÂ\n¶v HgpInsb¯p¶ aen\PehpamWv. ao\¨nemdns\¸änbpÅ ASp¯ ]T\¯n shůn ebn¨p tNÀ¶ncn¡p¶ t{Imanbw, Ccp¼v, Cubw XpS§nbhbpsSbpw hnjabamb aäp [mXp¡fpsSbpw km¶n²yw IsWvS¯m\pÅ {iaw DWvSmbncn¡p¶XmWv. ao\¨nemdnsâ c£bv¡mbn ]pgbpsS kao]¯pÅ ]©mb¯pIfpw ap\nkn¸menänIfpw ap³ssI FSpt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p. tlm«epIÄ¡pw sdknU³jy tImw¹IvkpIÄ¡pw X\Xmb shbvÌp hm«À {Soävsaâv ¹mâpw shbväv amt\Pvsaâv knÌhpw \nÀ_Ôam¡Ww. DdhnSamen\ykwkvIcW¯n\v Du¶Â \ÂIpIbpw kvIqÄXew apX \Zokwc£Ws¯¸än t_m[hXvIcWw \S¯pIbpw sNt¿WvSnbncn¡p¶p. `mhnXeapdbv¡pthWvSn \½psS \ZnIfpw Pet{kmXÊpIfpw kwc£n¡phm\pÅ D¯chmZnXzw kaqlw apgph\mbn GsäSp¡Ww. AXphgn Pek¼¯ns\ am{Xaà Hcp kwkvIrXnsb¯s¶bmWp \mw kwc£n¡p¶Xv.

 
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor : Fr. Joseph Thadathil
Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

Ihtmdn
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{]XnIcW§Ä
PohnXNnI
t\mh
hN\\mfw
{]mtZinIw
hmI
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adphiw
kIpSpw_w 
Ipªp\mf§Ä
Im«
 
 


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