January, 08, 2020
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 44
Volume : 52
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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]nkbnse tKm]pcw NcnbpIbnÃ
Cu tKm]pc¯nsâ Gähpw apIfnepÅ aWntaSbn (s_ ShÀ) GgpaWnIfmWpÅXv. CXv kwKoX¯nse k]vXkzc§fnemWp \nÀ½n¨ncn¡p¶Xv. hfsc {i²n¨m aWn\mZ¯n¯s¶ CXn kwKoXw apg¡m\mIpw. \nÀ½mWw sImWvSv Ncnªpt]mb Cu tKm]pcw ]n¶oSv temISqdnÌv tI{µ§fn H¶mbn amdn

Cäenbnse sSkvI\n Unkv{Sn¡n ]nk F¶ {]hiybnepÅ Hcp Iqä³ tKm]pcamWv temImZv`pX§fn H¶mb ]nkbnse Ncnª tKm]pcw F¶dnbs¸Sp¶Xv. 1173  CXnsâ \nÀ½mW{]hÀ¯\§Ä Bcw`ns¨¦nepw GXmWvSv Ccp\qdp hÀjwsImWvSv 1372 emWv ]WnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbmbXv. 56 aoäÀ (184 ASn) DbcapÅ Cu tKm]pcw ]qÀ®ambpw shÅamÀ_nÄ D]tbmKn¨mWv \nÀ½n¨ncn¡p¶X.v t_mWmtWm]nkmt\m F¶ F³Pn\obdmWv CXnsâ inev]n. 1400 sa{SnIv S¬ sh®¡ÂamÀ_nfmWv CXnsâ ]WnIÄ¡v D]tbmKn¨Xv. ]cnip² ssZhamXmhnsâ \ma¯nepÅ ]nkm I¯o{Uen ]ÅnbpsS aWntaSbmWv 8 \neIfn ]WnXpbÀ¯nb Cu Ncnª tKm]pcw. ]pcmX\Imes¯ A\pkvacn¡¯¡hn[w A\h[n inev]Iem ssh`hw ChnsS ZÀin¡mw. tbip{InkvXp sNbvX ]e AZv`pX§fpw hensbmcp hmXnen ]n¨fsImWvSv \nÀ½n¨ncn¡p¶Xv Bscbpw BIÀjn¡pw.
Dd¸nÃm¯ a®n shdpw aq¶paoäÀ Bg¯nemWv ASn¯dbn«ncp¶Xv. A©phÀjw sImWvSv aq¶p \nehsc ]WnXpbÀ¯nbt¸mgmWv F³Pn\obÀamÀ HcpImcyw {i²n¨Xv: sI«nSw Hcp `mKt¯¡v Aev]mev]ambn sNcnbp¶p. A{UnbmänIv kap{Zt¯mSp tNÀ¶p InS¡p¶ XoÀ¯pw Dd¸nÃm¯ NXp¸pa®n Bgw Ipdªv ASn¯d sI«nbXmbncp¶p tKm]pcw Ncnbm\pÅ {][m\ ImcWw. CSbv¡p h¨p \n¶pt]mb ]WnIÄ \qdp hÀj¯n\ptijw Pntbm]m\n kntam¬ Fs¶mcp ]pXnb inev]n GsäSp¯p. 1319 Bbt¸mtg¡pw aWntaSbpsS Ggp\neIÄ ]WnXp ]qÀ¯nbm¡n. tKm]pc¯nsâ \nÀ½mW¯n kw`hn¨ ]nghp sImWvSmWv temImZv`pX]«nIbn Cu Ncnª tKm]pcw Øm\w ]nSn¨Xv. Ncnbp¶Xnsâ FXnÀ`mK¯v `mc¡qSpX hc¯¡ coXnbn _me³kv sN¿m\mbncp¶p ]n¶oSpÅ ]WnIÄ. 1372 8 \neIfpw ]WnXv aWntaSbpsS ]WnIÄ ]qÀ¯nbmbn. IptdsÈ Ncnªp sImWvSncp¶ ]nkmtKm]pcs¯ kwc£n¡m³ 1990 epw 2008 epw GXm\pw AäIpä¸WnIÄ \S¯nbncp¶Xp hnPbw IWvSp. Aev]mev]ambn NcnªpsImWvSncp¶ tKm]pcw ]n¶oSp Ncnªn«nÃ. Cu tKm]pc¯nsâ apIÄ `mKw XdbnÂ\n¶p \mep aoätdmfw AI¶mWp \n¡p¶Xv. CXnsâ apIfn Ibdn\n¶v Hcp IÃv Xmtg¡n«m Xd\nc¸nÂ\n¶p 12 ASnsb¦nepw AIetb AXp ]Xn¡q. Cu {]tZi¯v `qan¡Snbn [mcmfw shÅw \ndªp \n¡p¶Xn\memWv CXnsâ ASn¯d IptdsÈ CfIn tKm]pcw Ncnbm³ XpS§nbXv.
Cu tKm]pc¯nsâ Gähpw apIfnepÅ aWntaSbn (s_ ShÀ) GgpaWnIfmWpÅXv. CXv kwKoX¯nse k]vXkzc§fnemWp \nÀ½n¨ncn¡p¶Xv. hfsc {i²n¨m aWn\mZ¯n¯s¶ CXn kwKoXw apg¡m\mIpw. \nÀ½mWw sImWvSv Ncnªpt]mb Cu tKm]pcw ]n¶oSv temISqdnÌv tI{µ§fn H¶mbn amdn. 1292 \ptijw hfsc iàntbdnb \mep `qI¼§Ä AXnPohn¨Xv C¶pw CXnsâ inev]nIÄ¡v D¯cw In«mª tNmZyambn XpScp¶p. 57 aoäÀ Dbchpw 14500 S¬ `mchpapÅ Cu tKm]pcw C\n NcnbpIbnsömWv F³Po\nbÀamÀ AhImis¸Sp¶Xv. A]IS\nebnembncp¶Xn\m 1990 apX ]Xns\m¶p hÀj¡met¯¡v kµÀiIsc \ntcm[n¨ncp¶p. 15.5 aoäÀ hymk¯n henb Ipgensâ BIrXnbnemWv Cu tKm]pcw ]WnXncn¡p¶Xv.
B[p\nIimkv{X¯nsâbpw hm\\nco£W¯nsâbpw ]nXmhv F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ KeoentbmbpsS P·\mSmWv ]nk. At±lw amt½mZok kzoIcn¨Xv Cu tKm]pc¯n\p ap³hi¯p ]WnXoÀ¯ncn¡p¶ _m]vänÌn F¶ amt½mZokm Nm¸enemWv. Xsâ buh\Ime¯v At±lw Cu tZhmeb¯n [ym\n¨psImWvSncp¶ kab¯v Ft¸mtgm I®pXpd¶t¸mÄ tZhmeb¯nsâ apIÄ`mK¯p Xq¡nbn«ncn¡p¶ hnf¡v, Xpd¶p InS¶ henb hmXnenÂIqSnbpÅ ImäpsImWvSv At§m«pant§m«pw Htct]mse BSp¶Xv At±l¯nsâ {i²bnÂs¸«p. X\n¡p e`n¨ DÄ¡mgvNbn Dcp¯ncnª al¯mb s]³Upew XnbdnbpsS IsWvS¯embncp¶Xv. Cu s]³Upew Xnbdn A\pkcn¨mWv temIsa§pw ]n¶oSv aWn¡qdpw an\näpw sk¡³Upw Af¶p Xn«s¸Sp¯p¶ s]³Upew t¢m¡pIÄ \nÀ½n¡s¸«Xv. imkv{XÚ\mb Keoentbmbpw temI{]ikvX Nn{XImc\pw inev]nbpambncp¶ ssa¡fm©tembpw A´yhn{iaw sImÅp¶Xv ChnsS\n¶p \mev]¯ncWvSv ssaeIsebpÅ ^vtfmd³knse _kven¡m Un km´m{Iqkv ivaim\¯nemWv.
temI¯nse Gähpw Ncnª sI«nSw ]nkmtKm]pcaÃ. A_pZm_nbnse Iym¸nä sKbnäv F¶ tKm]pc¯n\mWv B Øm\w. F¶mÂ, \nÀ½mWkab¯pXs¶ Ncn¨p ]WnXXpsImWvSmWv AXn\o Øm\w. ]nkmtKm]pc¯nsâ apIfnÂ\n¶p t\m¡nbm NpäpapÅ {]tZi§fpsS ImgvNIÄ hfsc ckIcamWv. 250 ¸cw ]SnIÄ Nhn«n¡bdnbm tKm]pcapIfnse¯mw. C¶pw Cäenbnse¯p¶ At\Iw SqdnÌpIfpsS {][m\s¸« hnt\mZk©mctI{µamWv ]nkbnse Cu NcnªtKm]pcw. BZyImeL«§fn bqtdm¸nÂ\n¶pw aäpapÅ XoÀ°mSIÀ Pdpkteante¡pÅ bm{Xbn hn{ian¡p¶ Øeambncp¶p ]nk. tdmanÂ\n¶p ]nkbnte¡v 220 ssa (345 IntemaoäÀ) ZqcapWvSv. s{Sbn\n bm{XsN¿m³ aq¶caWn¡qÀ kabsaSp¡pw. tdmanse tdmam HmÌnb³kv F¶ tÌj\nÂ\n¶p ]pds¸Sp¶ s{Sbn³ ]nkm skâÀ UÃm Ìmkntbm¬ F¶ tÌj\nse¯pw. AhnsS \n¶p hfscbSp¯mWv tKm]pcw ØnXn sN¿p¶Xv. Znhtk\ 58 s{Sbn\pIÄ hoXw ]nkmbnte¡pWvSv. AXnthK s{Sbn³ thWsa¦n {^oknbtdmk apX ]gbIme s{Sbn³ hsc HmSp¶p. 16 ¹mäv t^mapIfpÅ sSkvIm\nbpsS sk³{S tI{µ§fnsem¶mWv ]nkmbpsS {][m\ sdbnÂth tÌj³. bm{X {]IrXnkpµcamb Øe¯pIqSn BbXn\m {]tXyIbn\w s{Sbn\pIÄ hnt\mZk©mc¯n\mbn Hcp¡nbn«pWvSv. \nÀ½mW¯IcmÀaqew tKm]pc¯n\p Ncnhv kw`hns¨¦nepw temI{i²bmIÀjn¨psImWvSv ]nkm tKm]pcw Ct¸mgpw XesbSpt¸msS Xs¶ \n¡p¶p.

 
     
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor : Fr. George Pazheparampil
Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

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