January , 23, 2019
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 46
Volume : 51
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

ss{IkvXhanj\dnamcpsS kw`mh\ Ncn{Xw Xncp¯cpXv
 
kn.kn. sIm¨vIpªv
   
‘{InkvXphnsâ anj\dnamscbmWv R§Ä¡mhiyw. A¯c¡mÀ \qdp IW¡nt\m Bbncw IW¡nt\m `mcX¯nte¡p hcs«. {InkvXphnsâ PohnXw sImWvSphcnI, AXp kapZmblrZb¯n hym]n¡s«. `mcX¯nsâ GXp {Kma¯nepw GXp tImWnepw AhnSp¶v D]tZin¡s¸Ss«. - kzman hnthIm\µ³
 

tIcf\thm°m\¯n\p ss{IkvXhk`IÄ¡pÅ ]¦p \nÀWmbIamWv. Ncn{X¯nÂ\n¶v AXp ambn¨pIfbm³ Hcp ]ÞnX\pw IgnbpIbnÃ. Ncn{XkXy§Ä XakvIcn¡p¶Xns\mcp hn^e{iaw \S¡p¶ntà F¶p kwibnt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p. \thm°m\hpambn _Ôs¸« {]kvXmh\Ifntem teJ\§fntem ss{IkvXhkaqlw sNbvXn«pÅ \nkzmÀ°tkh\§sf¡pdn¨p kv]Àin¡mdpt]mepanÃ. Ncn{Xt_m[w apt¶m«pÅ IpXn¸n\p {]tNmZ\amWv. kXykÔamb Ncn{Xw `mhnXeapdsb am\knIambn ASp¸n¡m\pw kmtlmZcyat\m`mhw kaql¯n \ne\nÀ¯m\pw klmbn¡psa¶Xn XÀ¡anÃ.
\thm°m\{]hÀ¯\§Ä hntZiss{IkvXhanj\dnamcnÂ\n¶p XpS§p¶p. hnZym`ymkw, BXpcip{iqj,A¨SntaJeIfnse {]hÀ¯\§Ä¡p t\XrXzw \ÂInbXp anj\dnamcmWv. kmaqlnI]cnjvIcW¯n\v A¨SntaJe sNbvXn«pÅ kw`mh\IÄ hnkvacn¡m\mhnÃ.
AÔhnizmk§fnepw A\mNmc§fnepw apgpIn A]cnjvIrXcmb P\XbpsS kmwkvImcntIm¶Xn¡p Adnhpw Xncn¨dnhpw A\nhmcyamWv. AXp t_m[yapWvSmbncp¶ anj\dnamÀ kphntijhXvIcW¯n\pw hnZymeb§Ä¡pw ap´nb ]cnKW\ \evIn. AhÀ Øm]n¨ hnZymeb§fn PmXnaX t`Zsat\y {]thi\w A\phZn¨p. hnZymeb§fnte¡p IS¶ph¶Xv B¬Ip«nIÄ am{XamWv. X·qew kv{XoIÄ \nc£ccmbncp¶p. AXn\p ]cnlmcambn s]¬Ip«nIÄ¡pthWvSn ]Ån¡qS§Ä Øm]n¨p.
s_©an³ s_bvenbpsS ]Xv\n FÃmbv¡mWv AXn\pÅ _lpaXn \evtIWvSXv. 1818  kz´w `h\¯n GXm\pw s]¬Ip«nIsf Fgp¯pw hmb\bpw X¿epw ]Tn¸n¨psImWvSmWv Bcw`n¨Xv. s]¬]Ån¡qSw Bcw`n¨v Ac\qämWvSmbn«pw tIcf¯n khÀWsslµh s]¬Ip«nIÄ kvIqfn F¯nbnÃ. AXn\m sslµhcmb s]¬Ip«nIÄ¡pthWvSn {]tXyI kvIqÄ Øm]n¨p. 1871  Fenkt_¯v B³ FKmÀ tIm«b¯v sslµhs]¬Ip«nIÄ¡mbn Hcp kvIqÄ Bcw`n¨p.
ASn¯«pkapZmb§fpsS kwip²oIcW¯n\pwthWvSn anj\dnamÀ sNbvXn«pÅ XymK\nÀ`camb tkh\§Ä kvacWobamWv. AXdnbWsa¦n Ncn{X¯nte¡v Hsc¯nt\m«w A\pt]£WobamWv. tIcf¯nse ]n¶m¡þZenXv hn`mK¯nsâ hntamN\{]hÀ¯\§fneqsSbmWv kmtlmZcyw, kaXzw,a\pjyal¯zw, [mÀ½nIX F¶o aqey§Ä a\pjya\ÊpIfn cq]s¸Sp¯n AsXmcp s]mXpt_m[ambn DbÀ¯ns¡mWvSphcm³ IgnªXv F¶p ]dbp¶Xn sXänÃ.
]n¶m¡þZenXv kaql§Ä A\h[n "AcpXp'IfpsS ]nSnbnembncp¶p. s]mXp\nc¯neqsS \S¡cpXv, \à hkv{Xw [cn¡cpXv, \à `mj kwkmcn¡cpXv, \à `£Ww Ign¡cpXv, hosS¶p ]dbcpXv, a¡Ä¡p \à t]cnScpXv, ]Ww k¼mZn¡cpXv, thZm£cw ]Tn¡cpXv, DZb¯n\pap¼v Ipfn¡cpXv, X]kv sN¿cpXv C§s\ AcpXpIfpsS ]«nI \ofp¶p.
ASnaIsf ASna¨´Ifn hne t]in hnäncp¶p. N§\mticn, Be¸pg, ImbwIpfw, sImÃw, Ig¡q«w, tImhfw XpS§nb Øe§fn ASna¨´IfpWvSmbncp¶p. sXm«pIqSmbvabpw XoWvSn¡qSmbvabpw \ne\n¶ kaql¯n A[xIrXÀ khÀWcpsS ZrjvSnbnÂs¸«mÂt¸mepw tZmjambncp¶p.
ASn¯«pkapZmb§fpsSta \nµyamb \nIpXnIÄ Npa¯nbncp¶p. ape¡cw, Xe¡cw, Xssf¡mWw, GWn¡mWw apXembhbmbncp¶p \nIpXnIÄ. in£Ifpw {Iqcambncp¶p.
iq{Z³ thZw tI«psImWvSncp¶m Ahsâ sNhnbn Cubhpw Ac¡pw Dcp¡nsbmgn¡Ww; Ah³ thZw sNmÃnbm Ahsâ \mhv apdn¨pIfbWw. Ah³ thZ¯n {]mhoWyw t\Snbm Ahsâ icocw XpWvSpXpWvSmbn sh«napdn¡Ww. C§s\t]mIp¶p in£IÄ.
]n¶m¡þZfnXvhn`mKw A\mYcpw \nÊlmbcpambncp¶p. Adt¸mSpw shdpt¸mSpwIqSn taemf·mÀ B«ntbmSn¨t¸mÄ ss{IkvXhanj\dnamÀ Ahsc BenwK\w sNbvXp kzoIcn¨p. {InkvXphnsâ ktµihmlIcmb anj\dnamÀ Ahcnte¡nd§ns¨¶p: ""\n§fpw ssZh¯nsâ a¡fmWv. ssZh¯nsâ Ombbnepw kmZriy¯nepamWv \n§sfbpw ssZhw krjvSn¨ncn¡p¶Xv.'' X§sf ktlmZccmbn AwKoIcn¨ anj\dnamcn AhÀ X§fpsS c£Isc IsWvS¯n. anj\dnamÀ ]Ån¡qS§Ä Øm]n¨p. A[ØnXsc A£cw ]Tn¸n¨p. Ahsc BßobXe¯nte¡pbÀ¯n. Ahcn¶p ZenXvss{IkvXhÀ F¶v Adnbs¸Sp¶p.
Abn¯hn`mK¯nÂs¸«ncp¶ CughÀ khÀWcpsS KmÀlnI ASnaIfmbncp¶p. khÀWcpsS Abn¯at\m`mhw \nan¯w AhtcmsSm¸w hnZym`ymkw sN¿m\pw AhÀ¡p km[n¨nÃ. CXp a\Ênem¡nb anj\dnamÀ Hcp "Cughanj³' Xs¶ Øm]n¡pIbpWvSmbn. dh. tPmk^v ]näv C{]Imcw FgpXnbn«pWvSv: ""XncphnXmwIqdn C¶pw CughcpsS CSbn ASna¯w XpScp¶p. C¶pw AhÀ¡p \oXn¡pthWvSn Hcp tImSXnsb kao]n¡m\hImianÃ. AhÀ¡p ]iphns\ hfÀ¯mw, ]mÂIpSn¨p IqSm. ]ip {]khn¨m bPam\³ ]iphns\bpw Ip«nsbbpw sImWvSpt]mIpw. 1811  XncphnXmwIqdn Cughcmb 136000 ASnaIÄ DWvSmbncp¶p.
anj\dnamcpsS {]hÀ¯\§fpsS al¯zw a\Ênem¡nb `mcX¯nsâ cXv\hpw temImZcWob\pamb kzman hnthIm\µ³ {]kvXmhn¨Xv Ncn{X¯nsâ `mKamWv. At±lw C{]Imcw ]dªp: ""{InkvXphnsâ anj\dnamscbmWv R§Ä¡mhiyw. A¯c¡mÀ \qdp IW¡nt\m Bbncw IW¡nt\m `mcX¯nte¡p hcs«. {InkvXphnsâ PohnXw sImWvSphcnI, AXp kapZmblrZb¯n hym]n¡s«. `mcX¯nsâ GXp {Kma¯nepw GXp tImWnepw AhnSp¶v D]tZin¡s¸Ss«.''
1865  XncphnXmwIqdn H«msI Bdmbnct¯mfw CughÀ¡p hnZym`ymkw e`n¨ncp¶psh¶v 1895  tUm. ]Â]p A¶s¯ Znhm³ i¦ckp_¿bv¡v FgpXnb Hcp I¯n ImWmw. AXp anj\dnamÀ Øm]n¨ hnZymeb§Ä hgn e`n¨Xpw \m«mi·mcpsSIqsS ]Tn¨XpamWv.
ss{IkvXhanj\dnamcpsS {]hÀ¯\§sf al¯zhXvIcn¨psImWvSpÅ Ncn{XtcJIÄ \nch[nbmWv. Ahbn NneXpam{Xw ChnsS kqNn¸n¡s«:
""am\hnIhnjb§Ä {]PIsf ]Tn¸n¡m³ Kh¬saâv Xocpam\n¡p¶Xn\pap¼v \½psS \m«n Adnhnsâ {]Imiw ]c¯nbXv {InkvXy³anj\dnamcmWv.'' tIm«bw knFwFkv tImfPv kµÀin¨ hnimJw Xncp\mÄ C{]Imcw ]dªXmbn tImfPnse ]qÀÆhnZymÀ°nbpw kmwkvIcnI\mbI\pamb kn. BÀ. Hma\¡p«³ "Adnhnsâ {]Imiw' F¶ teJ\¯n Ipdn¨n«ncn¡p¶p. (`mjmt]mjnWn, 2015 Pq¬ t]Pv 73)
{]apJ Ncn{XImc\mb sI.]n. ]ß\m`tat\m³ sIm¨n cmPyNcn{X¯n C§s\ tcJs¸Sp¯nbncn¡p¶p: ""{InkvXy³ anj\dnamcpsS hnZym`ymk{]hÀ¯\s¯ F{X {]iwkn¨mepw A[nIamhpIbnÃ. AhcpsS kvXpXyÀlamb Cu DZmc{]hr¯nsImWvSv sNdpa¡fpsSbpw ]pebcpsSbpwIqSn AhØ \¶mbn h¶n«pWvSv.''
""{InkvXy³ anj\dnamsc¡pdn¨p ]dbpt¼mÄ AhÀ A[xIrXcpsS CSbn t{]jnXthe am{Xaà kapZmtbm²mcWtheIfpw sNbvXphcp¶psh¶p k½Xnt¡WvSnbncn¡p¶p. AhcpsS thebmWv kaZmb¯n XmWhcmb Cu \nÀ`mKyktlmZc§sf AhKWn¡p¶Xnsâ ^ew DbÀ¶ PmXn¡msc a\Ênem¡nbXv'' F¶ tUm.F³.Ipª³]nÅ 1931 se sk³kkv dnt¸mÀ«n ]dbp¶p.
""Cu ASnamhØbn \n¶v A[xIrXe£§Ä¡v kzev]amb tamN\sa¦nepw e`n¨n«psWvS¦n AXn\p {]hÀ¯n¨n«pÅXv {InkvXpaXhpw ss{IkvXhanj\dnamcpamIp¶p'' F¶v. kn. hn. Ipªpcmasâ hm¡pIÄ kvaÀ¯hyamWv.
Ncn{Xw kXykÔambncn¡Ww. AXp Xncp¯nsbgpXnbpw hfs¨mSn¨pw cmPy¯v AcmPIXzhpw Ac£nXmhØbpw krjvSn¡p¶Xv cmPyt{ZmlamWv.


teJI³ UnknFwFkv ap³kwØm\ {]knUâmWv.

 
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor : Fr. George Pazheparampil
Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

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