Augu, 08, 2018
 
Published from Palai
Issue : 23
Volume : 51
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

kact]mcmfnIÄ¡v aebmf¯nsâ A£cPzme
Kn^p taemäqÀ
1878þ ae¸pdw PnÃbnse s]m¶m\n Xmeq¡nse awKe¯mWv hÅt¯mÄ P\n¨Xv. Ip«n¡me¯pXs¶ IhnXIsfgpXn¯pS§nb At±l¯n\v `mjmt]mjnWn kwLSn¸n¨ IhnXmaÕc¯n H¶mwk½m\w e`n¨p. A§s\, 1894þ "Ihn' F¶ \nebn {]kn²\mbn. At\Iw ]pcmW§Ä kwkvIrX¯n \n¶p aebmf¯nte¡p XÀÖa sNbvXp.

Poh³t]mepw _enbÀ¸n¨v t]mcm«¯nteÀs¸« kzmX{´ykactk\m\nIÄ¡v DuÀÖw ]IÀ¶ \nch[n cN\IÄ aebmf¯nepw CXc`mjIfnepw DWvSmbn«pWvSv. tZi`àn Xpfp¼n\nev¡p¶ hcnIfneqsS kzmX{´y¯n\pthWvSnbpÅ t]mcm«¯n\v BÀÖhtaInb aebmfIhnIfmb almIhn hÅt¯mÄ, hnZzm³ ]n tIfp\mbÀ, t_mt[izc³, Ip«a¯v IpªnIrjvW¡pdp¸v XpS§nbhcpsS kmlnXykw`mh\IfneqsS Htcm« {]Z£nWw.
"kzmX{´yw Xs¶barXw
kzmX{´yw Xs¶ PohnXw
]mcX{´yw am\nIÄ¡p
arXnsb¡mÄ `bm\Iw'
F¶ tZi`ànKm\sagpXnb Bim³ A¡mes¯ kmapZmbnI A\mNmc§sf FXnÀ¯ncp¶p.
"kzmX{´yamw hmbp
NneÀ¡pam{Xw
izkn¡phm\psÅmcp hkvXphÃ
aloXew XoÀ¯Xp
hnizinev]n
aÃsâ hmk¯n\p am{XaÃ'
F¶mbncp¶p DÅqÀ Xsâ IhnXbneqsS {]XnIcn¨Xv. almIhn hÅt¯mÄ Xsâ hcnIfneqsS kzmX{´ykac\mbI·mÀ¡pw AWnIÄ¡pw ss[cyhpw tZikvt\lhpw Icp¯pw {]Zm\w sNbvXp.
"`mcXsa¶ t]ÀtI«mþ
e`nam\]qcnXamIWa´cwKw
tIcfsa¶p tI«mtem Xnfbv¡Ww tNmc \ap¡p
Rc¼pIfnÂ'
F¶ {]kn²amb tZi`ànKm\w GsXmcp `mcXob\nepw kzmX{´y¯nsâ al¯zw DWÀ¯p¶XmWv. C§s\ Ht«sd tZiobhnImcw apän\n¡p¶ IhnXIÄ ssIcfn¡p kaÀ¸n¨ hÅt¯mÄ, A¶s¯ tZiob {]Øm\¡q«mbvabpsS [zPhmlI\mbncp¶p.
\½psS {XnhÀWtZiob]XmIsb hÀWn¨pw AXnsâ al¯zs¯ {]IoÀ¯n¨pw At±lw FgpXn:
"t]mcmt]mcm
\mfn \mfnÂ
ZqcZqcapbcs«
`mcX£vamtZhnbpsS
Xr¸XmIIÄ'.
aebmfIhnXsb kuµcyhÀW\Ifn am{XsamXp¡n \nÀ¯msX, Hmtcm ]ucsâbpÅnepw kzcmPy¯nsâ al¯zhpw kzmX{´y¯nsâ BhiyIXbpw DWÀ¯nb almIhnbmWv hÅt¯mÄ.
almIhn hÅt¯mÄ
1878þ ae¸pdw PnÃbnse s]m¶m\n Xmeq¡nse awKe¯mWv hÅt¯mÄ P\n¨Xv. Ip«n¡me¯pXs¶ IhnXIsfgpXn¯pS§nb At±l¯n\v `mjmt]mjnWn kwLSn¸n¨ IhnXmaÕc¯n H¶mwk½m\w e`n¨p. A§s\, 1894þ "Ihn' F¶ \nebn {]kn²\mbn. At\Iw ]pcmW§Ä kwkvIrX¯n \n¶p aebmf¯nte¡p XÀÖa sNbvXp. `mcXob]mc¼cy¯n At±lw A`nam\w sImWvSp. A§s\ DÅn tZiobt_m[w hfcpIbpw CXv C´y³ \mjW tIm¬{Kknsâ {]hÀ¯\§fpambn At±ls¯ ASp¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp.
{_n«ojwKoImcw \nckn¡p¶p
1927þ aZncminbnse tIm¬{Kkv kt½f\¯n ]s¦Sp¯p kwkmcn¨p. 1928þ tIcf kmlnXy]cnj¯nsâ kt½f\¯n ]s¦Sp¡msX tIm¬{Kkv kt½f\¯n ]¦psImÅm³ I¡«bnte¡mWv hÅt¯mÄ t]mbXv. kmlnXy {]hÀ¯\§tf¡mÄ kzmX{´ykackt½f\§tfmSmbncp¶p At±l¯n\p IqSpX XmXv]cyw.
KmÔnb\mIp¶p
ssh¡w kXym{KlIme¯v KmÔnPnsb t\cn«pIWvS hÅt¯mÄ sshImsX KmÔnZÀi\§fn BIrjvS\mbn KmÔn`à\mbn amdn. {]kn²amb KpcphmbqÀ kXym{Kl¯nepw hÅt¯mfnsâ ]¦p sNdpXmbncp¶nÃ. tZiob kzmX{´ykacs¯bpw KmÔnb³ BZÀi§sfbpw {]Ncn¸n¡p¶Xn\pthWvSn [mcmfw IhnXIÄ hÅt¯mÄ cNn¡pIbpWvSmbn. "Fsâ Kpcp\mY³' F¶ t]cn At±lw KmÔnPnsb¡pdns¨gpXnb IhnX {]kn²amWv.
tZiobIhn
1930þ At±lw tIcf IemaÞew Øm]n¨p. 1955þ CXnsâ cPXPq_nen DZvLmS\w sNbvX PhlÀem s\lvdp almIhntbmSpÅ BZchpw _lpam\hpw BÝcyhpw {]ISn¸n¡pIbpWvSmbn. IemaÞe¯n\v 50,000 cq] [\klmbhpw \ÂIn.
Fsâ Kpcp\mY\pw aäpw
1970þ cNn¨ "amXrhµ\w' "Fsâ Kpcp\mY³' XpS§nb tZiobt_m[w Xpfp¼p¶ IhnXIÄ kzmX{´ykac cwK¯v tIcf¯n \n¶pÅ kmlnXykw`mh\IfmWv. ]Xns\m¶v `mK§fn \ndªp\n¡p¶ "kmlnXyaRvPcn' Xs¶ aXn At±l¯nsâ cmPykvt\l¯n\p sXfnhp\ÂIm³
hnZzm³ ]n tIfp\mbÀ
"kvacn¸n³ `mcXobtc
\an¸n³ amXr`qansb
ape¸m Xs¶mc½sb
F¶mfpw \mw ad¡mtam'
tZi`àn Xpfp¼n\n¡p¶ Cu hcnIÄ cNn¨Xv hnZzm³ ]n tIfp\mbcmWv. 1899þ \oteizc¯mWv tIfp\mbÀ P\n¨Xv. ]«mf¯n tkh\a\pjvTn¨ tijamWv A[ym]I\mIp¶Xv. 1924þ Imª§m«v BZyambn tIm¬{Kkv I½nän cq]oIcn¨t¸mÄ AXnsâ {][m\`mchmlnIfn Hcmfmbn«mWv tIfp\mbÀ cmjv{Sob¯n ImseSp¯psh¡p¶Xv.
\mSI¯neqsS
KmÔnPnbpsS hnZym`ymk\b§Ä {]mhÀ¯nIam¡p¶Xn\mbn 1926þ "hnÚm\Zmbn\n kwkvIrX]mTime' F¶ t]cn Hcp kvIqÄ Øm]n¨p. \mSI\S\pw \mS
IcNbnXmhpw KmbI\pamb tIfp\mbÀ, Xsâ \mSI§Ä, Km\§Ä XpS§nbhbneqsS kzmX{´ykac¯nsâ ap¶Wnt¸mcmfnbmbncp¶p. [mcmfw ]pcmWIYIÄ At±lw \mSIcq]¯n aebmf¯nte¡p ]dn¨p\«n«pWvSv. F¶m Ahbv¡papWvSmbncp¶p Hcp ]pXpa. kzmX{´y¯n\pw tZiobt_m[¯n\pw klmbIamIp¶ coXnbnembncp¶p ]pcmWIYIÄ At±lw cwKs¯¯n¨ncp¶Xv.
"]mZpI ]«m`ntjIw,' "e¦mZl\w,' "I_oÀZmkNcnXw,' "]m¡\mÀ NcnXw,' "Pm\Io ]cnWbw' XpS§nbhbmWv tIfp\mbcpsS {][m\ \mSI§Ä.
Ip«a¯v
IpªnIrjvW¡pdp¸v
"tIcfKmÔn' F¶dnbs¸Sp¶ sI.tIf¸³ F¶ tIf¸PnbpsS t{]cWbm Km\§Ä cNn¨ Ip«a¯v F¶ Ip«a¯v "Ip¶nbqcv IpªpIrjvW¡pdp¸v' 1880þemWv P\n¨Xv. ap¼v IÀWmSI¯nembncp¶Xpw Ct¸mÄ ImkÀtImUv PnÃbnepÄs¸«Xpamb sNdph¯qcn\Sp¯mbncp¶p "Ip¶nbqcv' XdhmSv. tIcf¯nse kzmX{´ykac tk\m\nIÄ¡v Bthiw ]Icp¶ kacKm\§fmbncp¶p Ip«a¯nsâ apJap{Z.
kac]XmItb´n
tZiob{]Øm\¯ns\m¸w H¶mw temIalmbp²hpw sImSp¼ncns¡mWvSv \mSmsI CfIn adnªt¸mÄ Ip«a¯pw shdpsXbncp¶nÃ. \thm°m\ \mbI·msc Kpcp¡·mcmbn a\Ên {]XnjvTn¨v Xsâ XqenIbneqsS Ip«a¯v kzmX{´ykac¯n\v Icp¯p ]IÀ¶p A¡mes¯gpXnb "kac]XmtI... hnae ]XmtI..' F¶ tZi`ànKm\w ]Xn\mbnc§sfbmbncp¶p tImÄabnÀ sImÅn¨Xv. 1972þ PhlÀem s\lvdp ]s¦Sp¯ ]¿¶qÀ tIm¬{Kkv kt½f\¯nepw At±lw ]¦mfnbmbn.
SmtKmdns\ ImWp¶p
PohnXImew apgph³ JZÀ am{Xw [cn¨ Ip«a¯v 1922þ awKem]pc¯ph¶ almIhn cho{µ\mYSmtKmdns\ t\cn ImWpIbpw Xm³ cNn¨ F«p kwkvIrXtÇmI§Ä At±l¯n\p kaÀ¸n¡pIbpw sNbvXp. sI tIf¸³ t\XrXzw \ÂInb KpcphmbqÀ kXym{Klkab¯v hfWvSnbÀamÀ Be]n¨ "]XnX ]mh\\mb `Khm³' F¶ kacKm\w cNn¨Xpw Ip«a¯v Bbncp¶p.
AarXcivan
tZim`nam\hpw kzmX{´ykacPzmebpw ASna¯hntamN\ [z\nbpapÄs¡mÅp¶ \nch[n Imhy§fpw kwKoX\mSI§fpw C¡me¯v Ip«a¯v FgpXpIbpWvSmbn. ]¯p`mK§fn CXÄ hncnbp¶ "AarXcivan' C¡q«¯n {][m\amWv. PoÀWn¨pt]mIp¶ aqey§sf¡pdn¨v hne]n¡p¶Xn\p]Icw Ah ]p\cp²cnt¡WvSXnsâ BhiyIXbmWv Ip«a¯v Xsâ IhnXIfn Du¶n¸dªXv.
t_mt[izc³
F¶ tIih]nÅ
"Pb Pb tImaf tIcf [cWo
Pb Pb amaI ]qPnX P\\o'
F¶p XpS§p¶, hfsc {]kn²amb tZi`ànKm\¯nsâ cNbnXmhpw ]{X{]hÀ¯I\pw kzmX{´ykac tk\m\nbpambncp¶ t_mt[izc³ 1901 Unkw_À amkw Xncph\´]pcs¯ s\¿män³Icbn P\n¨p.
k¶ymkPohnXw
{iocmaIrjvW ]calwk³, cmPmdmw taml³tdmbv F¶nhcpsS Bib§fn BIrjvS\mbn k¶ymknbmbn C´ysbm«p¡pw k©cn¨p. N«¼nkzmanIÄ, {io\mcmbWKpcp XpS§nbhcpsS ASp¯ injy\mbn. ssh¡w kXym{Klw, KpcphmbqÀ kXym{Klw XpS§nb kac ]cn]mSnIfn ap³]´nbnepWvSmbncp¶p t_mt[izc³. kzmX{´ykac¯n\pw PmXnhnthN\¯n\v FXnscbpw Blzm\w sN¿p¶ \nch[n Km\§Ä At±lw cNn¨p.
IrXnIÄ
"kzX{´ tIcfw,' "lrZbm¦pcw,' "BZÀimßw,' "aX{]`mjW§Ä,' "hn¹hw `mcXtZhn,' "XncsªSp¯ IhnXIÄ' F¶nh {][m\ IrXnIfnÂs¸Sp¶p. "kln¡tbm Zmkyw acn¡tbm t`Zw' F¶ IhnX tZit¯mSpÅ AS§m¯ A`nhmRvObpw {_n«ojv Zmkyt¯mSpÅ Xocm¯ ]Ibpw h¨p ]peÀ¯p¶p. kzmX{´ykac {]hÀ¯IÀ¡pw tZikvt\lnIÄ¡pw Icp¯pw HmPÊpw BXvahocyhpw ]Icp¶hbmWv At±l¯nsâ hcnIÄ.

 
 

Chief Editor : Fr. Kurian Thadathil
Managing Editor : Fr. George Pazheparampil
Palai, Kottayam, Kerala, . 686575.
Ph : 04822 . 212842, Fax : 04822 . 212842
Email :
editor@deepanalam.com

Ihtmdn
apJ{]kwKw
{]XnIcW§Ä
PohnXNnI
t\mh
hN\\mfw
{]mtZinIw
hmI
hmchntijw
ImgvN¸pdw
adphiw
kIpSpw_w 
Ipªp\mf§Ä
Im«
 
 


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